DescriptionAccess to and time spent in greenspaces is increasingly associated with improvements in the physical and psychological health of urban residents. Mechanisms include exposure to biodiverse microorganisms and the stimulation of the immune system. Canberra, Australia’s “Bush Capital” has the highest proportion of the population living within walkable distance of greenspaces - and the largest area of greenspace per capita of any Australian city. It provides a useful example of how ‘health’ can be integrated with other ecosystem services (ES). In South East Queensland, endemic, wildlife‐origin zoonotic disease risks such as from Hendra and Ross River viruses may be reduced within an ES framework, an approach that will be increasingly valuable as climate change and pressures on natural environments intensify. In Pacific Island Countries where health services are less well developed, and vulnerability to climate change is greater, ES approaches to managing health risks have greatest potential value. For example, fresh water quality, access and flood control is negatively linked to diarrhoeal diseases. Environmental contamination with human pathogens may impact reef health and livelihoods, poverty and nutrition. Building from these and other examples, we can integrate synergies and trade-offs for human and ecosystem health to progress sustainable development in Oceania.
|Period||5 Sep 2019|
|Event title||Oceania Ecosystem Services Forum: null|
|Location||Christchurch, New Zealand|
|Degree of Recognition||International|