The Nationalist Planning of Greater Shanghai: 1927– 1949

Hu, R. (Speaker)

Activity: Talk or presentationInvited talk


Shanghai was a dual city—a Chinese Shanghai and a foreign Shanghai—for one century after 1843 when it was opened as a port city. In this presentation, I talk about the Chinese planning of Shanghai from 1927 to 1949, when the city was transitioning from a Chinese-foreign city to a fully Chinese city. This part of planning history is important for understanding the diffusion and genesis of modern planning not only in Shanghai but also in China. For long, its importance has not received attention and recognition to an extent it should, largely due to the political and ideological sensitivity to the post-1949 regime. I label it ‘nationalist’ planning for two reasons. One, this period was under the rule of the Nationalist Government of the Republic of China. Second, the planning had a prior nationalist goal of building a new Shanghai and further of building a new China. I analyse two benchmark plans for Greater Shanghai to reveal the contexts, attributes, and influences of them. The implementation of them were impacted by wars and regime changes. However, these plans represented the earliest nationalist endeavour of nation building through city making in modern China, and have left an enduring intellectual legacy of modern planning in the city and in the nation.
Period12 Apr 2021
Event titleDesigning the East Asian port cities: Circulation of building and planning models in early 20th century
Event typeSeminar
Degree of RecognitionInternational