Margaret Cargo

Accepting PhD Students

1991 …2023
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Personal profile


Margaret joined CeRAPH/ UC HRI in 2017.  Margaret’s expertise is in the assessment of context and implementation (i.e., intervention dose, fidelity, adaptation) in complex population health interventions and systematic reviews. She brings expertise in qualitative, realist and novel social science research methods to large-scale social epidemiological and multi-level evaluation studies. She has worked in partnership with government, not-for-profit and the Aboriginal community controlled health sector to identify and prioritise needs at local, state and national levels.  Program planning and evaluation projects have featured: childhood obesity prevention, type 2 diabetes prevention, tobacco control, Aboriginal parental engagement, Aboriginal grief and loss, and built community environments related to heart health. Margaret has worked in partnership with Aboriginal communities and organisations in Canada and Australia to address the disparities in Aboriginal health and strengthen culturally safe evaluation practice in Aboriginal settings since 1999. Margaret is a co-convenor of the Cochrane Collaboration Qualitative and Implementation Methods Group and a former convenor of the Campbell Collaboration Process and Implementation Methods Subgroup.


Research Interests

  • Population health/ health promotion

  • Participatory program planning and evaluation

  • Realist  reviews/ realist evaluation

  • Ecological intervention analysis

  • Process evaluation of complex health interventions

  • Tobacco control in Indigenous populations

  • Childhood obesity prevention

  • Remote community environments and Indigenous heart health

  • Strengthening culturally safe evaluation practices in Aboriginal settings





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Health Medicine & Life Sciences
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Health Promotion Medicine & Life Sciences
Canada Medicine & Life Sciences
Exercise Medicine & Life Sciences
Smoking Medicine & Life Sciences
Mental Health Medicine & Life Sciences
chronic illness Social Sciences

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Projects 2013 2023

Research Output 1991 2019

2 Citations (Scopus)
9 Downloads (Pure)

Improving the content validity of the mixed methods appraisal tool: A modified e-Delphi study

Hong, Q. N., Pluye, P., Fàbregues, S., Bartlett, G., Boardman, F., Cargo, M., Dagenais, P., Gagnon, M. P., Griffiths, F., Nicolau, B., O'Cathain, A., Rousseau, M. C. & Vedel, I., 2019, In : Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. 111, p. 49-59.e1 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
Delphi Technique
1 Citation (Scopus)

Predictors of Quality of Life in Montreal, Canada: A Longitudinal Study

Caron, J., Cargo, M., Daniel, M. & Liu, A., 2019, In : Community Mental Health Journal. 55, 2, p. 189-201 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Longitudinal Studies
longitudinal study
quality of life
Quality of Life

Strategies to support culturally safe health and wellbeing evaluations in Indigenous settings in Australia and New Zealand: A concept mapping study

Cargo, M., Potaka-Osborne, G., Cvitanovic, L., Warner, L., Clarke, S., Judd, J., Chakraborty, A. & Boulton, A., 16 Dec 2019, In : International Journal for Equity in Health. 18, 1, 194.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
New Zealand
Evidence-Based Practice

Are we going “co-crazy”? An opportunity to learn from health promotion foundations

Smith, J. A., Judd, J., Bainbridge, R., Griffiths, K., D'Antoine, H., Cargo, M. & Ireland, S., Dec 2018, In : Health Promotion Journal of Australia. 29, 3, p. 223-224 2 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorial

51 Citations (Scopus)

Cochrane Qualitative and Implementation Methods Group guidance paper 3: Methods for assessing methodological limitations, data extraction and synthesis, and confidence in synthesized qualitative findings

Noyes, J., Booth, A., Flemming, K., Garside, R., Harden, A., Lewin, S., Pantoja, T., Hannes, K., Cargo, M. & Thomas, J., May 2018, In : Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. 97, p. 49-58 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle