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Personal profile


Sandra has an extensive background in nursing and in primary health care in developing countries as nurse-midwife, health educator and community development worker. Sandra spent two years the Sudan managing a primary health care and community development project.

At the University of Newcastle in 1995 Sandra completed her doctorate which explored the reconceptualisation of health education as education for health based on notions of empowerment and the liberatory pedagogy of Paulo Freire.

She commenced teaching with the Faculty of Education at the University of Newcastle in 1987 and has taught at the University of Canberra since 2002 in community education and community development. Sandra teaches the subjects Working with Communities, Ethical and Professional Issues and Community Development Principles and Practice.

Research interests

  • Community education and development
  • Social justice and human rights
  • Professional ethics

Since 2010 Sandra has been deputy chief investigator on the Agricultural sector LInkages Project in Pakistan and Chief Investigator of a Land and Water rResources Project also in Pakistan funded by AICAR. In both projects adult learning strategies and collaborative problem solving methodologies have been use to enhance small farming community memebrs to improve livelihoods through new approaches to agriculutrual, irrigation and water management practices. Both projects have a focus on women and youth empowerment and educaiton as well as that of small landholing farmers.


Fingerprint Fingerprint is based on mining the text of the person's scientific documents to create an index of weighted terms, which defines the key subjects of each individual researcher.

small-scale farming Agriculture & Biology
products and commodities Agriculture & Biology
Pakistan Agriculture & Biology
empowerment Social Sciences
research projects Agriculture & Biology
agricultural industry Agriculture & Biology
farm Social Sciences
supply chain Agriculture & Biology

Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.

Projects 2012 2020

Research Output 2017 2018

Women and Marginalised Group inclusion in Pakistan smallholder agriculture

CHAMBERS, B., SPRIGGS, J., HEANEY-MUSTAFA, S. & TAJ, S. Jan 2018 In : Development Bulletin. 79, p. 88-92 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

small-scale farming
products and commodities
research projects
agricultural industry

Women's empowerment and economic collaboration in rural Pakistan

SPRIGGS, J., CHAMBERS, B., HEANEY-MUSTAFA, S., Roy, S., AKMAL, N., Taj, S., Khan, I. A. & Mangan, T. 2017 In : Journal of Gender Agriculture and Food Security. 2, 2, p. 52-68 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

household survey