ɑ-Lactalbumin Improves Sleep and Recovery after Simulated Evening Competition in Female Athletes

Kathleen H. Miles, Brad Clark, Peter M. Fowler, Madeleine J. Gratwicke, Kristy Martin, Marijke Welvaert, Joanna Miller, Kate L. Pumpa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the efficacy of α-lactalbumin (A-LAC) supplementation for improving sleep and performance recovery after simulated evening competition in female athletes. METHODS: Sixteen trained women (mean ± SD: age, 27 ± 7 yr; mass, 62 ± 10 kg; stature, 167 ± 8 cm) participated in this randomized double-blind three-arm crossover study. Participants completed a simulated evening competition before consuming either an A-LAC whey protein, whey protein placebo (PLA), or water control (CON) beverage. Sleep was monitored via polysomnography, and participants completed a series of physical, cognitive, and perceptual assessments before, and 14 and 24 h after simulated competition. RESULTS: Non-rapid eye movement stage 2 sleep increased after competition in A-LAC (pre, 199 ± 44 min; post, 212 ± 37 min) but decreased in CON (pre, 228 ± 43 min; post, 195 ± 40 min) and PLA (pre, 224 ± 25 min; post, 211 ± 35 min; P = 0.012). In addition, Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test Level 1 distance improved over time in A-LAC (baseline, 664 ± 332 m; 14 h post, 667 ± 326 m; 24 h post, 781 ± 427 m) compared with CON (baseline, 741 ± 366 m; 14 h post, 648 ± 351 m; 24 h post, 720 ± 407 m) and PLA (baseline, 763 ± 394 m; 14 h post, 636 ± 366 m; 24 h post, 720 ± 396 m; P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The findings indicate that A-LAC supplementation may be useful for retaining some sleep characteristics after evening competition, leading to improved physical performance in female athletes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2618-2627
Number of pages10
JournalMedicine Science in Sports Exercise
Volume53
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2021

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'ɑ-Lactalbumin Improves Sleep and Recovery after Simulated Evening Competition in Female Athletes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this