A Comparative Analysis of Competitive Balance Between a Closed and an Open League in Rugby League

Daniel Read, Aaron C.T. Smith, James Skinner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

League regulators aim for an equitable competition where each team has an equal chance of winning the championship, termed competitive balance. It is generally assumed that closed leagues with stricter labor market regulations should demonstrate better competitive balance than open leagues with promotion and relegation. The aim of this research was to examine the competitive balance between and within seasons in the closed Australian National Rugby League (NRL) and open English Super League using five measures of concentration and dominance. Overall, the closed NRL competition demonstrated superior competitive balance. The practical and theoretical implications of the findings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)871-892
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Sports Economics
Volume22
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes

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