A conceptual framework for predicting the effects of urban environments on floras

Nicholas Williams, Mark Schwartz, Peter Vesk, Michael McCarthy, Amy Hahs, Steven Clemants, Richard Corlett, Richard Duncan, Briony Norton, Ken Thompson, Mark McDonnell

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    185 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    1. With the majority of people now living in urban environments, urbanization is arguably the most intensive and irreversible ecosystem change on the planet. 2. Urbanization transforms floras through a series of filters that change: (i) habitat availability; (ii) the spatial arrangement of habitats; (iii) the pool of plant species; and (iv) evolutionary selection pressures on populations persisting in the urban environment. 3. Using a framework based on mechanisms of change leads to specific predictions of floristic change in urban environments. Explicitly linking drivers of floristic change to predicted outcomes in urban areas can facilitate sustainable management of urban vegetation as well as the conservation of biodiversity. 4. Synthesis. We outline how the use of our proposed framework, based on environmental filtering, can be used to predict responses of floras to urbanization. These floristic responses can be assessed using metrics of taxonomic composition, phylogenetic relatedness among species, plant trait distributions or plant community structure. We outline how this framework can be applied to studies that compare floras within cities or among cities to better understand the various floristic responses to urbanization.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)4-9
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of Ecology
    Volume97
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

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    conceptual framework
    urbanization
    floristics
    flora
    habitat availability
    urban population
    habitats
    relatedness
    urban areas
    plant community
    plant communities
    community structure
    transform
    urban area
    filter
    phylogenetics
    vegetation
    synthesis
    prediction
    effect

    Cite this

    Williams, N., Schwartz, M., Vesk, P., McCarthy, M., Hahs, A., Clemants, S., ... McDonnell, M. (2009). A conceptual framework for predicting the effects of urban environments on floras. Journal of Ecology, 97, 4-9. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2008.01460.x
    Williams, Nicholas ; Schwartz, Mark ; Vesk, Peter ; McCarthy, Michael ; Hahs, Amy ; Clemants, Steven ; Corlett, Richard ; Duncan, Richard ; Norton, Briony ; Thompson, Ken ; McDonnell, Mark. / A conceptual framework for predicting the effects of urban environments on floras. In: Journal of Ecology. 2009 ; Vol. 97. pp. 4-9.
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    Williams, N, Schwartz, M, Vesk, P, McCarthy, M, Hahs, A, Clemants, S, Corlett, R, Duncan, R, Norton, B, Thompson, K & McDonnell, M 2009, 'A conceptual framework for predicting the effects of urban environments on floras', Journal of Ecology, vol. 97, pp. 4-9. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2008.01460.x

    A conceptual framework for predicting the effects of urban environments on floras. / Williams, Nicholas; Schwartz, Mark; Vesk, Peter; McCarthy, Michael; Hahs, Amy; Clemants, Steven; Corlett, Richard; Duncan, Richard; Norton, Briony; Thompson, Ken; McDonnell, Mark.

    In: Journal of Ecology, Vol. 97, 2009, p. 4-9.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AU - Williams, Nicholas

    AU - Schwartz, Mark

    AU - Vesk, Peter

    AU - McCarthy, Michael

    AU - Hahs, Amy

    AU - Clemants, Steven

    AU - Corlett, Richard

    AU - Duncan, Richard

    AU - Norton, Briony

    AU - Thompson, Ken

    AU - McDonnell, Mark

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    KW - invasion

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