A human factors approach to snowsport safety: Novel research on pediatric participants' behaviors and head injury risk

Tracey DICKSON, Stephen TRATHEN, Gordon WADDINGTON, F. Anne Terwiel, Daniel Baltis

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Objective: This study applied a human factors approach to snowsport resort systems to contribute to the understanding of the incidence and severity of pediatric snowsport head accelerations. Background: Previous research indicates low magnitude head accelerations are common among snowsport participants. This study adds to the knowledge of snowsport safety by measuring aspects of participants' snowsport behavior and linking this with head acceleration data. Method: School-aged students (n = 107) wore telemetry-fitted helmets and Global Positioning System (GPS) devices during snowsport activity. Data was collected over 159 sessions (total hours 701). Head accelerations recorded by the telemetry units were compared with GPS-generated data. Results: This study found speeds attained normally exceed the testing rating for which helmets are designed; lower rates of head accelerations compared to earlier studies and that when head accelerations did occur they were generally below the threshold for concussions. Conclusion: Pediatric snowsport head accelerations are rare and are generally of low magnitude. Those most at risk of a head acceleration >40 g were male snowboarders. Given the recorded speeds in first time participants, increased targeting of novice snowsport participants to encourage education about the use of protective equipment, including helmets, is warranted. Post event recall was not a good indicator of having experienced a head impact. Consideration should be given to raising the standard design speed testing for snowsport helmet protective devices to reflect actual snowsport behaviors.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)79-86
    Number of pages8
    JournalApplied Ergonomics
    Volume53
    Issue numberA
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

    Fingerprint

    Pediatrics
    Human engineering
    Craniocerebral Trauma
    Head
    Safety
    Head Protective Devices
    Research
    Geographic Information Systems
    Telemetry
    Telemetering
    Global positioning system
    Protective Devices
    Equipment and Supplies
    Testing
    incidence
    Education
    rating
    Wear of materials
    Students
    event

    Cite this

    @article{38735fcef1ad4a92b6e1f5871028660a,
    title = "A human factors approach to snowsport safety: Novel research on pediatric participants' behaviors and head injury risk",
    abstract = "Objective: This study applied a human factors approach to snowsport resort systems to contribute to the understanding of the incidence and severity of pediatric snowsport head accelerations. Background: Previous research indicates low magnitude head accelerations are common among snowsport participants. This study adds to the knowledge of snowsport safety by measuring aspects of participants' snowsport behavior and linking this with head acceleration data. Method: School-aged students (n = 107) wore telemetry-fitted helmets and Global Positioning System (GPS) devices during snowsport activity. Data was collected over 159 sessions (total hours 701). Head accelerations recorded by the telemetry units were compared with GPS-generated data. Results: This study found speeds attained normally exceed the testing rating for which helmets are designed; lower rates of head accelerations compared to earlier studies and that when head accelerations did occur they were generally below the threshold for concussions. Conclusion: Pediatric snowsport head accelerations are rare and are generally of low magnitude. Those most at risk of a head acceleration >40 g were male snowboarders. Given the recorded speeds in first time participants, increased targeting of novice snowsport participants to encourage education about the use of protective equipment, including helmets, is warranted. Post event recall was not a good indicator of having experienced a head impact. Consideration should be given to raising the standard design speed testing for snowsport helmet protective devices to reflect actual snowsport behaviors.",
    keywords = "Snowsports, Helmet design, Head injury, Participant behavior, Methods",
    author = "Tracey DICKSON and Stephen TRATHEN and Gordon WADDINGTON and Terwiel, {F. Anne} and Daniel Baltis",
    year = "2016",
    month = "1",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.1016/j.apergo.2015.08.006",
    language = "English",
    volume = "53",
    pages = "79--86",
    journal = "Applied Ergonomics",
    issn = "0003-6870",
    publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
    number = "A",

    }

    A human factors approach to snowsport safety: Novel research on pediatric participants' behaviors and head injury risk. / DICKSON, Tracey; TRATHEN, Stephen; WADDINGTON, Gordon; Terwiel, F. Anne; Baltis, Daniel.

    In: Applied Ergonomics, Vol. 53, No. A, 01.01.2016, p. 79-86.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - A human factors approach to snowsport safety: Novel research on pediatric participants' behaviors and head injury risk

    AU - DICKSON, Tracey

    AU - TRATHEN, Stephen

    AU - WADDINGTON, Gordon

    AU - Terwiel, F. Anne

    AU - Baltis, Daniel

    PY - 2016/1/1

    Y1 - 2016/1/1

    N2 - Objective: This study applied a human factors approach to snowsport resort systems to contribute to the understanding of the incidence and severity of pediatric snowsport head accelerations. Background: Previous research indicates low magnitude head accelerations are common among snowsport participants. This study adds to the knowledge of snowsport safety by measuring aspects of participants' snowsport behavior and linking this with head acceleration data. Method: School-aged students (n = 107) wore telemetry-fitted helmets and Global Positioning System (GPS) devices during snowsport activity. Data was collected over 159 sessions (total hours 701). Head accelerations recorded by the telemetry units were compared with GPS-generated data. Results: This study found speeds attained normally exceed the testing rating for which helmets are designed; lower rates of head accelerations compared to earlier studies and that when head accelerations did occur they were generally below the threshold for concussions. Conclusion: Pediatric snowsport head accelerations are rare and are generally of low magnitude. Those most at risk of a head acceleration >40 g were male snowboarders. Given the recorded speeds in first time participants, increased targeting of novice snowsport participants to encourage education about the use of protective equipment, including helmets, is warranted. Post event recall was not a good indicator of having experienced a head impact. Consideration should be given to raising the standard design speed testing for snowsport helmet protective devices to reflect actual snowsport behaviors.

    AB - Objective: This study applied a human factors approach to snowsport resort systems to contribute to the understanding of the incidence and severity of pediatric snowsport head accelerations. Background: Previous research indicates low magnitude head accelerations are common among snowsport participants. This study adds to the knowledge of snowsport safety by measuring aspects of participants' snowsport behavior and linking this with head acceleration data. Method: School-aged students (n = 107) wore telemetry-fitted helmets and Global Positioning System (GPS) devices during snowsport activity. Data was collected over 159 sessions (total hours 701). Head accelerations recorded by the telemetry units were compared with GPS-generated data. Results: This study found speeds attained normally exceed the testing rating for which helmets are designed; lower rates of head accelerations compared to earlier studies and that when head accelerations did occur they were generally below the threshold for concussions. Conclusion: Pediatric snowsport head accelerations are rare and are generally of low magnitude. Those most at risk of a head acceleration >40 g were male snowboarders. Given the recorded speeds in first time participants, increased targeting of novice snowsport participants to encourage education about the use of protective equipment, including helmets, is warranted. Post event recall was not a good indicator of having experienced a head impact. Consideration should be given to raising the standard design speed testing for snowsport helmet protective devices to reflect actual snowsport behaviors.

    KW - Snowsports

    KW - Helmet design

    KW - Head injury

    KW - Participant behavior

    KW - Methods

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84953931634&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.mendeley.com/research/human-factors-approach-snowsport-safety-novel-research-pediatric-participants-behaviors-head-injury-1

    U2 - 10.1016/j.apergo.2015.08.006

    DO - 10.1016/j.apergo.2015.08.006

    M3 - Article

    VL - 53

    SP - 79

    EP - 86

    JO - Applied Ergonomics

    JF - Applied Ergonomics

    SN - 0003-6870

    IS - A

    ER -