A multitrophic perspective on biodiversity

Ecosystem functioning research

Nico Eisenhauer, Holger Schielzeth, Andrew D. Barnes, Kathryn Barry, Aletta Bonn, Ulrich Brose, Helge Bruelheide, Nina Buchmann, François Buscot, Anne Ebeling, Olga Ferlian, Grégoire T. Freschet, Darren P. Giling, Stephan Hättenschwiler, Helmut Hillebrand, Jes Hines, Forest Isbell, Eva Koller-France, Birgitta König-Ries, Hans de Kroon & 22 others Sebastian T. Meyer, Alexandru Milcu, Jörg Müller, Charles A. Nock, Jana S. Petermann, Christiane Roscher, Christoph Scherber, Michael Scherer-Lorenzen, Bernhard Schmid, Stefan A. Schnitzer, Andreas Schuldt, Teja Tscharntke, Manfred Türke, Nicole M. van Dam, Fons van der Plas, Anja Vogel, Cameron Wagg, David A. Wardle, Alexandra Weigelt, Wolfgang W. Weisser, Christian Wirth, Malte Jochum

Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookChapter

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Concern about the functional consequences of unprecedented loss in biodiversity has prompted biodiversity–ecosystem functioning (BEF) research to become one of the most active fields of ecological research in the past 25 years. Hundreds of experiments have manipulated biodiversity as an independent variable and found compelling support that the functioning of ecosystems increases with the diversity of their ecological communities. This research has also identified some of the mechanisms underlying BEF relationships, some context-dependencies of the strength of relationships, as well as implications for various ecosystem services that humankind depends upon. In this chapter, we argue that a multitrophic perspective of biotic interactions in random and non-random biodiversity change scenarios is key to advance future BEF research and to address some of its most important remaining challenges. We discuss that the study and the quantification of multitrophic interactions in space and time facilitates scaling up from small-scale biodiversity manipulations and ecosystem function assessments to management-relevant spatial scales across ecosystem boundaries. We specifically consider multitrophic conceptual frameworks to understand and predict the context-dependency of BEF relationships. Moreover, we highlight the importance of the eco-evolutionary underpinnings of multitrophic BEF relationships. We outline that FAIR data (meeting the standards of findability, accessibility, interoperability, and reusability) and reproducible processing will be key to advance this field of research by making it more integrative. Finally, we show how these BEF insights may be implemented for ecosystem management, society, and policy. Given that human well-being critically depends on the multiple services provided by diverse, multitrophic communities, integrating the approaches of evolutionary ecology, community ecology, and ecosystem ecology in future BEF research will be key to refine conservation targets and develop sustainable management strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMechanisms underlying the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem function
EditorsNico Eisenhauer, David A. Bohan, Alex J. Dumbrell
Place of PublicationLondon, UK
PublisherAcademic Press Inc.
Chapter1
Pages1-54
Number of pages54
Volume61
Edition1
ISBN (Print)9780081029121
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameMECHANISMS UNDERLYING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BIODIVERSITY AND ECOSYSTEM FUNCTION
ISSN (Print)0065-2504

Fingerprint

biodiversity
ecosystems
ecosystem
ecology
community ecology
ecosystem management
ecosystem function
conceptual framework
ecosystem service
ecosystem services
accessibility
space and time
ecosystem research
experiment

Cite this

Eisenhauer, N., Schielzeth, H., Barnes, A. D., Barry, K., Bonn, A., Brose, U., ... Jochum, M. (2019). A multitrophic perspective on biodiversity: Ecosystem functioning research. In N. Eisenhauer, D. A. Bohan, & A. J. Dumbrell (Eds.), Mechanisms underlying the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem function (1 ed., Vol. 61, pp. 1-54). (MECHANISMS UNDERLYING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BIODIVERSITY AND ECOSYSTEM FUNCTION). London, UK: Academic Press Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.aecr.2019.06.001
Eisenhauer, Nico ; Schielzeth, Holger ; Barnes, Andrew D. ; Barry, Kathryn ; Bonn, Aletta ; Brose, Ulrich ; Bruelheide, Helge ; Buchmann, Nina ; Buscot, François ; Ebeling, Anne ; Ferlian, Olga ; Freschet, Grégoire T. ; Giling, Darren P. ; Hättenschwiler, Stephan ; Hillebrand, Helmut ; Hines, Jes ; Isbell, Forest ; Koller-France, Eva ; König-Ries, Birgitta ; de Kroon, Hans ; Meyer, Sebastian T. ; Milcu, Alexandru ; Müller, Jörg ; Nock, Charles A. ; Petermann, Jana S. ; Roscher, Christiane ; Scherber, Christoph ; Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael ; Schmid, Bernhard ; Schnitzer, Stefan A. ; Schuldt, Andreas ; Tscharntke, Teja ; Türke, Manfred ; van Dam, Nicole M. ; van der Plas, Fons ; Vogel, Anja ; Wagg, Cameron ; Wardle, David A. ; Weigelt, Alexandra ; Weisser, Wolfgang W. ; Wirth, Christian ; Jochum, Malte. / A multitrophic perspective on biodiversity : Ecosystem functioning research. Mechanisms underlying the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem function. editor / Nico Eisenhauer ; David A. Bohan ; Alex J. Dumbrell. Vol. 61 1. ed. London, UK : Academic Press Inc., 2019. pp. 1-54 (MECHANISMS UNDERLYING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BIODIVERSITY AND ECOSYSTEM FUNCTION).
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Eisenhauer, N, Schielzeth, H, Barnes, AD, Barry, K, Bonn, A, Brose, U, Bruelheide, H, Buchmann, N, Buscot, F, Ebeling, A, Ferlian, O, Freschet, GT, Giling, DP, Hättenschwiler, S, Hillebrand, H, Hines, J, Isbell, F, Koller-France, E, König-Ries, B, de Kroon, H, Meyer, ST, Milcu, A, Müller, J, Nock, CA, Petermann, JS, Roscher, C, Scherber, C, Scherer-Lorenzen, M, Schmid, B, Schnitzer, SA, Schuldt, A, Tscharntke, T, Türke, M, van Dam, NM, van der Plas, F, Vogel, A, Wagg, C, Wardle, DA, Weigelt, A, Weisser, WW, Wirth, C & Jochum, M 2019, A multitrophic perspective on biodiversity: Ecosystem functioning research. in N Eisenhauer, DA Bohan & AJ Dumbrell (eds), Mechanisms underlying the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem function. 1 edn, vol. 61, MECHANISMS UNDERLYING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BIODIVERSITY AND ECOSYSTEM FUNCTION, Academic Press Inc., London, UK, pp. 1-54. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.aecr.2019.06.001

A multitrophic perspective on biodiversity : Ecosystem functioning research. / Eisenhauer, Nico; Schielzeth, Holger; Barnes, Andrew D.; Barry, Kathryn; Bonn, Aletta; Brose, Ulrich; Bruelheide, Helge; Buchmann, Nina; Buscot, François; Ebeling, Anne; Ferlian, Olga; Freschet, Grégoire T.; Giling, Darren P.; Hättenschwiler, Stephan; Hillebrand, Helmut; Hines, Jes; Isbell, Forest; Koller-France, Eva; König-Ries, Birgitta; de Kroon, Hans; Meyer, Sebastian T.; Milcu, Alexandru; Müller, Jörg; Nock, Charles A.; Petermann, Jana S.; Roscher, Christiane; Scherber, Christoph; Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael; Schmid, Bernhard; Schnitzer, Stefan A.; Schuldt, Andreas; Tscharntke, Teja; Türke, Manfred; van Dam, Nicole M.; van der Plas, Fons; Vogel, Anja; Wagg, Cameron; Wardle, David A.; Weigelt, Alexandra; Weisser, Wolfgang W.; Wirth, Christian; Jochum, Malte.

Mechanisms underlying the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem function. ed. / Nico Eisenhauer; David A. Bohan; Alex J. Dumbrell. Vol. 61 1. ed. London, UK : Academic Press Inc., 2019. p. 1-54 (MECHANISMS UNDERLYING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BIODIVERSITY AND ECOSYSTEM FUNCTION).

Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookChapter

TY - CHAP

T1 - A multitrophic perspective on biodiversity

T2 - Ecosystem functioning research

AU - Eisenhauer, Nico

AU - Schielzeth, Holger

AU - Barnes, Andrew D.

AU - Barry, Kathryn

AU - Bonn, Aletta

AU - Brose, Ulrich

AU - Bruelheide, Helge

AU - Buchmann, Nina

AU - Buscot, François

AU - Ebeling, Anne

AU - Ferlian, Olga

AU - Freschet, Grégoire T.

AU - Giling, Darren P.

AU - Hättenschwiler, Stephan

AU - Hillebrand, Helmut

AU - Hines, Jes

AU - Isbell, Forest

AU - Koller-France, Eva

AU - König-Ries, Birgitta

AU - de Kroon, Hans

AU - Meyer, Sebastian T.

AU - Milcu, Alexandru

AU - Müller, Jörg

AU - Nock, Charles A.

AU - Petermann, Jana S.

AU - Roscher, Christiane

AU - Scherber, Christoph

AU - Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael

AU - Schmid, Bernhard

AU - Schnitzer, Stefan A.

AU - Schuldt, Andreas

AU - Tscharntke, Teja

AU - Türke, Manfred

AU - van Dam, Nicole M.

AU - van der Plas, Fons

AU - Vogel, Anja

AU - Wagg, Cameron

AU - Wardle, David A.

AU - Weigelt, Alexandra

AU - Weisser, Wolfgang W.

AU - Wirth, Christian

AU - Jochum, Malte

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Concern about the functional consequences of unprecedented loss in biodiversity has prompted biodiversity–ecosystem functioning (BEF) research to become one of the most active fields of ecological research in the past 25 years. Hundreds of experiments have manipulated biodiversity as an independent variable and found compelling support that the functioning of ecosystems increases with the diversity of their ecological communities. This research has also identified some of the mechanisms underlying BEF relationships, some context-dependencies of the strength of relationships, as well as implications for various ecosystem services that humankind depends upon. In this chapter, we argue that a multitrophic perspective of biotic interactions in random and non-random biodiversity change scenarios is key to advance future BEF research and to address some of its most important remaining challenges. We discuss that the study and the quantification of multitrophic interactions in space and time facilitates scaling up from small-scale biodiversity manipulations and ecosystem function assessments to management-relevant spatial scales across ecosystem boundaries. We specifically consider multitrophic conceptual frameworks to understand and predict the context-dependency of BEF relationships. Moreover, we highlight the importance of the eco-evolutionary underpinnings of multitrophic BEF relationships. We outline that FAIR data (meeting the standards of findability, accessibility, interoperability, and reusability) and reproducible processing will be key to advance this field of research by making it more integrative. Finally, we show how these BEF insights may be implemented for ecosystem management, society, and policy. Given that human well-being critically depends on the multiple services provided by diverse, multitrophic communities, integrating the approaches of evolutionary ecology, community ecology, and ecosystem ecology in future BEF research will be key to refine conservation targets and develop sustainable management strategies.

AB - Concern about the functional consequences of unprecedented loss in biodiversity has prompted biodiversity–ecosystem functioning (BEF) research to become one of the most active fields of ecological research in the past 25 years. Hundreds of experiments have manipulated biodiversity as an independent variable and found compelling support that the functioning of ecosystems increases with the diversity of their ecological communities. This research has also identified some of the mechanisms underlying BEF relationships, some context-dependencies of the strength of relationships, as well as implications for various ecosystem services that humankind depends upon. In this chapter, we argue that a multitrophic perspective of biotic interactions in random and non-random biodiversity change scenarios is key to advance future BEF research and to address some of its most important remaining challenges. We discuss that the study and the quantification of multitrophic interactions in space and time facilitates scaling up from small-scale biodiversity manipulations and ecosystem function assessments to management-relevant spatial scales across ecosystem boundaries. We specifically consider multitrophic conceptual frameworks to understand and predict the context-dependency of BEF relationships. Moreover, we highlight the importance of the eco-evolutionary underpinnings of multitrophic BEF relationships. We outline that FAIR data (meeting the standards of findability, accessibility, interoperability, and reusability) and reproducible processing will be key to advance this field of research by making it more integrative. Finally, we show how these BEF insights may be implemented for ecosystem management, society, and policy. Given that human well-being critically depends on the multiple services provided by diverse, multitrophic communities, integrating the approaches of evolutionary ecology, community ecology, and ecosystem ecology in future BEF research will be key to refine conservation targets and develop sustainable management strategies.

KW - Biodiversity change

KW - Eco-evolution

KW - Ecosystem functions

KW - Food web

KW - Landscape

KW - Management

KW - Multifunctionality

KW - Real-world biodiversity change

KW - Spatial scaling

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UR - http://www.mendeley.com/research/multitrophic-perspective-biodiversityecosystem-functioning-research

U2 - 10.1016/bs.aecr.2019.06.001

DO - 10.1016/bs.aecr.2019.06.001

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9780081029121

VL - 61

T3 - MECHANISMS UNDERLYING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BIODIVERSITY AND ECOSYSTEM FUNCTION

SP - 1

EP - 54

BT - Mechanisms underlying the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem function

A2 - Eisenhauer, Nico

A2 - Bohan, David A.

A2 - Dumbrell, Alex J.

PB - Academic Press Inc.

CY - London, UK

ER -

Eisenhauer N, Schielzeth H, Barnes AD, Barry K, Bonn A, Brose U et al. A multitrophic perspective on biodiversity: Ecosystem functioning research. In Eisenhauer N, Bohan DA, Dumbrell AJ, editors, Mechanisms underlying the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem function. 1 ed. Vol. 61. London, UK: Academic Press Inc. 2019. p. 1-54. (MECHANISMS UNDERLYING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BIODIVERSITY AND ECOSYSTEM FUNCTION). https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.aecr.2019.06.001