A new method for assessing herbicide damage in weeds

William Sea, Paul Downey

    Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookConference contribution

    Abstract

    Herbicide application is one of the most widely used weed management tools. Whilst herbicides are effective at killing plants [weeds], their application can lead to variable levels of control and uptake rates, as well as off-target damage, and as such assessments of their effectiveness are needed. The effectiveness of herbicide application is typically assessed using visual estimations of the level of damage present, either to individual leaves or whole plants, using a series of pre-determined categories (e.g. <25% leaf burn) over time. Such visual assessments lack accuracy and only provide information on the effectiveness of the herbicide applied. In many instances the weed is not killed by the herbicide application and thus information is also needed on how it responds to being damaged, but not killed. Here, we outline the use of several tools to increase rigor into assessments of herbicide effectiveness. First, the leaf area is determined using leaf area software to differentiate between healthy (green) and damaged (brown) areas of the leaf. Then each leaf is assessed to determine the changes occurring within the leaf to support the visual changes observed (i.e. damage). These tools assess the chlorophyll content, photochemical index, and stomatal conductance of the leaf. Results from a trial on four weed species showed that these tools provide greater accuracy for assessing herbicide damage, especially when combined, as well as how leaf function changes in relation to herbicide damage. Whilst the use of these tools may not be suitable for many land managers, the use of digital photos and leaf area software is very effective and should be considered as an alternative to visual assessments
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication18th Australasian Weeds Conference: Developing Solutions to Evolving Weed Problems
    EditorsValerie Eldershaw
    Place of PublicationAustralia
    PublisherWeed Society of Victoria Inc.
    Pages108-111
    Number of pages4
    ISBN (Print)9780646586700
    Publication statusPublished - 2012
    Event18th Australasian Weeds Conference - Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
    Duration: 8 Oct 201211 Oct 2012

    Conference

    Conference18th Australasian Weeds Conference
    CountryAustralia
    CityMelbourne
    Period8/10/1211/10/12

    Fingerprint

    herbicides
    weeds
    leaf area
    pesticide application
    leaves
    methodology
    stomatal conductance
    weed control
    managers
    chlorophyll

    Cite this

    Sea, W., & Downey, P. (2012). A new method for assessing herbicide damage in weeds. In V. Eldershaw (Ed.), 18th Australasian Weeds Conference: Developing Solutions to Evolving Weed Problems (pp. 108-111). Australia: Weed Society of Victoria Inc..
    Sea, William ; Downey, Paul. / A new method for assessing herbicide damage in weeds. 18th Australasian Weeds Conference: Developing Solutions to Evolving Weed Problems. editor / Valerie Eldershaw. Australia : Weed Society of Victoria Inc., 2012. pp. 108-111
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    abstract = "Herbicide application is one of the most widely used weed management tools. Whilst herbicides are effective at killing plants [weeds], their application can lead to variable levels of control and uptake rates, as well as off-target damage, and as such assessments of their effectiveness are needed. The effectiveness of herbicide application is typically assessed using visual estimations of the level of damage present, either to individual leaves or whole plants, using a series of pre-determined categories (e.g. <25{\%} leaf burn) over time. Such visual assessments lack accuracy and only provide information on the effectiveness of the herbicide applied. In many instances the weed is not killed by the herbicide application and thus information is also needed on how it responds to being damaged, but not killed. Here, we outline the use of several tools to increase rigor into assessments of herbicide effectiveness. First, the leaf area is determined using leaf area software to differentiate between healthy (green) and damaged (brown) areas of the leaf. Then each leaf is assessed to determine the changes occurring within the leaf to support the visual changes observed (i.e. damage). These tools assess the chlorophyll content, photochemical index, and stomatal conductance of the leaf. Results from a trial on four weed species showed that these tools provide greater accuracy for assessing herbicide damage, especially when combined, as well as how leaf function changes in relation to herbicide damage. Whilst the use of these tools may not be suitable for many land managers, the use of digital photos and leaf area software is very effective and should be considered as an alternative to visual assessments",
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    Sea, W & Downey, P 2012, A new method for assessing herbicide damage in weeds. in V Eldershaw (ed.), 18th Australasian Weeds Conference: Developing Solutions to Evolving Weed Problems. Weed Society of Victoria Inc., Australia, pp. 108-111, 18th Australasian Weeds Conference, Melbourne, Australia, 8/10/12.

    A new method for assessing herbicide damage in weeds. / Sea, William; Downey, Paul.

    18th Australasian Weeds Conference: Developing Solutions to Evolving Weed Problems. ed. / Valerie Eldershaw. Australia : Weed Society of Victoria Inc., 2012. p. 108-111.

    Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookConference contribution

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    T1 - A new method for assessing herbicide damage in weeds

    AU - Sea, William

    AU - Downey, Paul

    PY - 2012

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    N2 - Herbicide application is one of the most widely used weed management tools. Whilst herbicides are effective at killing plants [weeds], their application can lead to variable levels of control and uptake rates, as well as off-target damage, and as such assessments of their effectiveness are needed. The effectiveness of herbicide application is typically assessed using visual estimations of the level of damage present, either to individual leaves or whole plants, using a series of pre-determined categories (e.g. <25% leaf burn) over time. Such visual assessments lack accuracy and only provide information on the effectiveness of the herbicide applied. In many instances the weed is not killed by the herbicide application and thus information is also needed on how it responds to being damaged, but not killed. Here, we outline the use of several tools to increase rigor into assessments of herbicide effectiveness. First, the leaf area is determined using leaf area software to differentiate between healthy (green) and damaged (brown) areas of the leaf. Then each leaf is assessed to determine the changes occurring within the leaf to support the visual changes observed (i.e. damage). These tools assess the chlorophyll content, photochemical index, and stomatal conductance of the leaf. Results from a trial on four weed species showed that these tools provide greater accuracy for assessing herbicide damage, especially when combined, as well as how leaf function changes in relation to herbicide damage. Whilst the use of these tools may not be suitable for many land managers, the use of digital photos and leaf area software is very effective and should be considered as an alternative to visual assessments

    AB - Herbicide application is one of the most widely used weed management tools. Whilst herbicides are effective at killing plants [weeds], their application can lead to variable levels of control and uptake rates, as well as off-target damage, and as such assessments of their effectiveness are needed. The effectiveness of herbicide application is typically assessed using visual estimations of the level of damage present, either to individual leaves or whole plants, using a series of pre-determined categories (e.g. <25% leaf burn) over time. Such visual assessments lack accuracy and only provide information on the effectiveness of the herbicide applied. In many instances the weed is not killed by the herbicide application and thus information is also needed on how it responds to being damaged, but not killed. Here, we outline the use of several tools to increase rigor into assessments of herbicide effectiveness. First, the leaf area is determined using leaf area software to differentiate between healthy (green) and damaged (brown) areas of the leaf. Then each leaf is assessed to determine the changes occurring within the leaf to support the visual changes observed (i.e. damage). These tools assess the chlorophyll content, photochemical index, and stomatal conductance of the leaf. Results from a trial on four weed species showed that these tools provide greater accuracy for assessing herbicide damage, especially when combined, as well as how leaf function changes in relation to herbicide damage. Whilst the use of these tools may not be suitable for many land managers, the use of digital photos and leaf area software is very effective and should be considered as an alternative to visual assessments

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    SN - 9780646586700

    SP - 108

    EP - 111

    BT - 18th Australasian Weeds Conference: Developing Solutions to Evolving Weed Problems

    A2 - Eldershaw, Valerie

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    Sea W, Downey P. A new method for assessing herbicide damage in weeds. In Eldershaw V, editor, 18th Australasian Weeds Conference: Developing Solutions to Evolving Weed Problems. Australia: Weed Society of Victoria Inc. 2012. p. 108-111