A qualitative study of smoking behavior among the floating population in Shanghai, China

Ji-Wei Wang, Zhi-Ting Cui, Ning DING, Cheng-Gang Zhang, Tricia Usagawa, Helen BERRY, Jin-Ming Yu, Shen-Sheng Li

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    6 Citations (Scopus)
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    Abstract

    Background: China has become the world's largest producer and consumer of tobacco and lung cancer is China's leading cause of cancer deaths. The large majority of Chinese smokers are men. Tobacco consumption is of particular concern among China's internal floating (or migrant) population, which has become a permanent feature of Chinese society, because this population is very large (over 100 million persons) and it has a high prevalence of smoking. Considering additionally that like the general population of China, the smoking prevalence rate of women from this group is quite low, we therefore aimed to explore smoking-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviours among male smokers in the floating population to help inform the development of effective smoking cessation interventions in this important target group in China. Methods: We interviewed 39 floating population male smokers in six focus groups and performed a qualitative content analysis of the interviews. Results: Most participants knew that smoking is risky to health but they knew little about why. Habit and social participation were key drivers of smoking. Smoking was regarded as a core component of their identity by the urban residents. Some participants had tried to stop smoking but none reported having ever been educated about smoking. Conclusions: Smoking cessation interventions for China's male floating population would need to incorporate comprehensive education and information about why smoking is dangerous and the benefits of stopping.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number1138
    Pages (from-to)1-7
    Number of pages7
    JournalBMC Public Health
    Volume14
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 4 Nov 2014

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    China
    Smoking
    Population
    Smoking Cessation
    Social Participation
    Tobacco Use
    Focus Groups
    Habits
    Tobacco
    Cause of Death
    Lung Neoplasms
    Interviews
    Education
    Health
    Neoplasms

    Cite this

    Wang, J-W., Cui, Z-T., DING, N., Zhang, C-G., Usagawa, T., BERRY, H., ... Li, S-S. (2014). A qualitative study of smoking behavior among the floating population in Shanghai, China. BMC Public Health, 14(1), 1-7. [1138]. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-1138
    Wang, Ji-Wei ; Cui, Zhi-Ting ; DING, Ning ; Zhang, Cheng-Gang ; Usagawa, Tricia ; BERRY, Helen ; Yu, Jin-Ming ; Li, Shen-Sheng. / A qualitative study of smoking behavior among the floating population in Shanghai, China. In: BMC Public Health. 2014 ; Vol. 14, No. 1. pp. 1-7.
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    title = "A qualitative study of smoking behavior among the floating population in Shanghai, China",
    abstract = "Background: China has become the world's largest producer and consumer of tobacco and lung cancer is China's leading cause of cancer deaths. The large majority of Chinese smokers are men. Tobacco consumption is of particular concern among China's internal floating (or migrant) population, which has become a permanent feature of Chinese society, because this population is very large (over 100 million persons) and it has a high prevalence of smoking. Considering additionally that like the general population of China, the smoking prevalence rate of women from this group is quite low, we therefore aimed to explore smoking-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviours among male smokers in the floating population to help inform the development of effective smoking cessation interventions in this important target group in China. Methods: We interviewed 39 floating population male smokers in six focus groups and performed a qualitative content analysis of the interviews. Results: Most participants knew that smoking is risky to health but they knew little about why. Habit and social participation were key drivers of smoking. Smoking was regarded as a core component of their identity by the urban residents. Some participants had tried to stop smoking but none reported having ever been educated about smoking. Conclusions: Smoking cessation interventions for China's male floating population would need to incorporate comprehensive education and information about why smoking is dangerous and the benefits of stopping.",
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    Wang, J-W, Cui, Z-T, DING, N, Zhang, C-G, Usagawa, T, BERRY, H, Yu, J-M & Li, S-S 2014, 'A qualitative study of smoking behavior among the floating population in Shanghai, China', BMC Public Health, vol. 14, no. 1, 1138, pp. 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-1138

    A qualitative study of smoking behavior among the floating population in Shanghai, China. / Wang, Ji-Wei; Cui, Zhi-Ting; DING, Ning; Zhang, Cheng-Gang; Usagawa, Tricia; BERRY, Helen; Yu, Jin-Ming; Li, Shen-Sheng.

    In: BMC Public Health, Vol. 14, No. 1, 1138, 04.11.2014, p. 1-7.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    T1 - A qualitative study of smoking behavior among the floating population in Shanghai, China

    AU - Wang, Ji-Wei

    AU - Cui, Zhi-Ting

    AU - DING, Ning

    AU - Zhang, Cheng-Gang

    AU - Usagawa, Tricia

    AU - BERRY, Helen

    AU - Yu, Jin-Ming

    AU - Li, Shen-Sheng

    PY - 2014/11/4

    Y1 - 2014/11/4

    N2 - Background: China has become the world's largest producer and consumer of tobacco and lung cancer is China's leading cause of cancer deaths. The large majority of Chinese smokers are men. Tobacco consumption is of particular concern among China's internal floating (or migrant) population, which has become a permanent feature of Chinese society, because this population is very large (over 100 million persons) and it has a high prevalence of smoking. Considering additionally that like the general population of China, the smoking prevalence rate of women from this group is quite low, we therefore aimed to explore smoking-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviours among male smokers in the floating population to help inform the development of effective smoking cessation interventions in this important target group in China. Methods: We interviewed 39 floating population male smokers in six focus groups and performed a qualitative content analysis of the interviews. Results: Most participants knew that smoking is risky to health but they knew little about why. Habit and social participation were key drivers of smoking. Smoking was regarded as a core component of their identity by the urban residents. Some participants had tried to stop smoking but none reported having ever been educated about smoking. Conclusions: Smoking cessation interventions for China's male floating population would need to incorporate comprehensive education and information about why smoking is dangerous and the benefits of stopping.

    AB - Background: China has become the world's largest producer and consumer of tobacco and lung cancer is China's leading cause of cancer deaths. The large majority of Chinese smokers are men. Tobacco consumption is of particular concern among China's internal floating (or migrant) population, which has become a permanent feature of Chinese society, because this population is very large (over 100 million persons) and it has a high prevalence of smoking. Considering additionally that like the general population of China, the smoking prevalence rate of women from this group is quite low, we therefore aimed to explore smoking-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviours among male smokers in the floating population to help inform the development of effective smoking cessation interventions in this important target group in China. Methods: We interviewed 39 floating population male smokers in six focus groups and performed a qualitative content analysis of the interviews. Results: Most participants knew that smoking is risky to health but they knew little about why. Habit and social participation were key drivers of smoking. Smoking was regarded as a core component of their identity by the urban residents. Some participants had tried to stop smoking but none reported having ever been educated about smoking. Conclusions: Smoking cessation interventions for China's male floating population would need to incorporate comprehensive education and information about why smoking is dangerous and the benefits of stopping.

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    KW - Transients and Migrants

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    KW - Smoking Cessation/methods

    KW - Adult

    KW - Female

    KW - China/epidemiology

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