A qualitative synthesis of research into social motivational influences across the athletic career span

Richard KEEGAN, Christopher Spray, Chris Harwood, David Lavallee

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    11 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This study represents a qualitative synthesis of research examining the socio-environmental influences of coaches, parents and peers on athlete motivation, across the athletic career-span. Using a critical-realist perspective, meta-interpretation methodology was deployed to search and analyse the literature. On-going, iterative analysis generated new areas of enquiry and new search terms, until the emerging analysis reached the points of saturation. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were developed during this process to produce a clear statement of applicability for the study. In the final analysis, a developmental structure was specified to describe the athletic career trajectory, together with a horizontal structure capturing seven domains of the motivational atmosphere surrounding athletes (competition, training, evaluation, emotion, authority, social-support, and relatedness), and a vertical structure varying in terms of level-of-abstraction: The global/broad 'motivational atmosphere' containing contextual 'climates', built from immediate/situational 'motivational conditions'. A model of the overall 'motivational atmosphere' in sport, based on a meteorological analogy, is offered with a view to stimulating critical debate and new research directions that reflect the complexity of interpersonal motivation in sport.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)537-567
    Number of pages31
    JournalQualitiative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health
    Volume6
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Fingerprint

    Qualitative Research
    Sports
    Atmosphere
    career
    athlete
    Athletes
    Motivation
    coach
    abstraction
    social support
    parents
    emotion
    exclusion
    Climate
    inclusion
    climate
    Social Support
    Emotions
    interpretation
    Parents

    Cite this

    @article{d799961779e54c4391e1298a26f79857,
    title = "A qualitative synthesis of research into social motivational influences across the athletic career span",
    abstract = "This study represents a qualitative synthesis of research examining the socio-environmental influences of coaches, parents and peers on athlete motivation, across the athletic career-span. Using a critical-realist perspective, meta-interpretation methodology was deployed to search and analyse the literature. On-going, iterative analysis generated new areas of enquiry and new search terms, until the emerging analysis reached the points of saturation. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were developed during this process to produce a clear statement of applicability for the study. In the final analysis, a developmental structure was specified to describe the athletic career trajectory, together with a horizontal structure capturing seven domains of the motivational atmosphere surrounding athletes (competition, training, evaluation, emotion, authority, social-support, and relatedness), and a vertical structure varying in terms of level-of-abstraction: The global/broad 'motivational atmosphere' containing contextual 'climates', built from immediate/situational 'motivational conditions'. A model of the overall 'motivational atmosphere' in sport, based on a meteorological analogy, is offered with a view to stimulating critical debate and new research directions that reflect the complexity of interpersonal motivation in sport.",
    keywords = "climate, coaching, motivation, parent influences, peer influences",
    author = "Richard KEEGAN and Christopher Spray and Chris Harwood and David Lavallee",
    year = "2014",
    doi = "10.1080/2159676X.2013.857710",
    language = "English",
    volume = "6",
    pages = "537--567",
    journal = "Qualitiative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health",
    issn = "2159-676X",
    publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
    number = "4",

    }

    A qualitative synthesis of research into social motivational influences across the athletic career span. / KEEGAN, Richard; Spray, Christopher; Harwood, Chris; Lavallee, David.

    In: Qualitiative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, Vol. 6, No. 4, 2014, p. 537-567.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - A qualitative synthesis of research into social motivational influences across the athletic career span

    AU - KEEGAN, Richard

    AU - Spray, Christopher

    AU - Harwood, Chris

    AU - Lavallee, David

    PY - 2014

    Y1 - 2014

    N2 - This study represents a qualitative synthesis of research examining the socio-environmental influences of coaches, parents and peers on athlete motivation, across the athletic career-span. Using a critical-realist perspective, meta-interpretation methodology was deployed to search and analyse the literature. On-going, iterative analysis generated new areas of enquiry and new search terms, until the emerging analysis reached the points of saturation. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were developed during this process to produce a clear statement of applicability for the study. In the final analysis, a developmental structure was specified to describe the athletic career trajectory, together with a horizontal structure capturing seven domains of the motivational atmosphere surrounding athletes (competition, training, evaluation, emotion, authority, social-support, and relatedness), and a vertical structure varying in terms of level-of-abstraction: The global/broad 'motivational atmosphere' containing contextual 'climates', built from immediate/situational 'motivational conditions'. A model of the overall 'motivational atmosphere' in sport, based on a meteorological analogy, is offered with a view to stimulating critical debate and new research directions that reflect the complexity of interpersonal motivation in sport.

    AB - This study represents a qualitative synthesis of research examining the socio-environmental influences of coaches, parents and peers on athlete motivation, across the athletic career-span. Using a critical-realist perspective, meta-interpretation methodology was deployed to search and analyse the literature. On-going, iterative analysis generated new areas of enquiry and new search terms, until the emerging analysis reached the points of saturation. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were developed during this process to produce a clear statement of applicability for the study. In the final analysis, a developmental structure was specified to describe the athletic career trajectory, together with a horizontal structure capturing seven domains of the motivational atmosphere surrounding athletes (competition, training, evaluation, emotion, authority, social-support, and relatedness), and a vertical structure varying in terms of level-of-abstraction: The global/broad 'motivational atmosphere' containing contextual 'climates', built from immediate/situational 'motivational conditions'. A model of the overall 'motivational atmosphere' in sport, based on a meteorological analogy, is offered with a view to stimulating critical debate and new research directions that reflect the complexity of interpersonal motivation in sport.

    KW - climate

    KW - coaching

    KW - motivation

    KW - parent influences

    KW - peer influences

    U2 - 10.1080/2159676X.2013.857710

    DO - 10.1080/2159676X.2013.857710

    M3 - Article

    VL - 6

    SP - 537

    EP - 567

    JO - Qualitiative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health

    JF - Qualitiative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health

    SN - 2159-676X

    IS - 4

    ER -