A Randomized Controlled Trial of an Appearance-Related Smoking Intervention

Sarah Grogan, Keira Flett, David Clark-Carter, Mark Conner, Rachel Davey, Deborah Richardson, Giri Rajaratnam

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    15 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Objectives: To investigate whether exposure to a smoking-related facial age-progression technique impacts on quit smoking cognitions, nicotine dependence, and self-reported and objectively assessed smoking in young women in a randomized controlled trial. Methods: eighteen- to 34-year-old women smokers (n = 70) were allocated at random to either an appearance-related intervention (plus usual care) or control (usual care) group. Women completed questionnaires assessing attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control and intention to quit smoking immediately before, immediately after, and four weeks after receiving the intervention or usual care. At the first and last time points they also completed measures of nicotine dependence and self-reported and objectively assessed smoking (breath carbon monoxide levels). Results: The two groups were well matched at baseline. Using intention to treat analyses and baseline as a covariate, women in the appearance-related intervention group compared to the control group had significantly more positive attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and intentions to quit smoking immediately after exposure. Only the effects on quit smoking attitudes remained significant at four weeks postintervention. Nicotine dependence and self-reported smoking (total cigarettes in last seven days), but not objective smoking, were significantly lower in the intervention compared with control group at four weeks. Conclusions: This study suggests that an appearance-related smoking intervention may be a useful adjunct to traditional cessation programs with young women smokers
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)805-809
    Number of pages5
    JournalHealth Psychology
    Volume30
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

    Fingerprint

    Randomized Controlled Trials
    Smoking
    Tobacco Use Disorder
    Control Groups
    Intention to Treat Analysis
    Carbon Monoxide
    Cognition

    Cite this

    Grogan, S., Flett, K., Clark-Carter, D., Conner, M., Davey, R., Richardson, D., & Rajaratnam, G. (2011). A Randomized Controlled Trial of an Appearance-Related Smoking Intervention. Health Psychology, 30(6), 805-809. https://doi.org/10.1037/A0024745
    Grogan, Sarah ; Flett, Keira ; Clark-Carter, David ; Conner, Mark ; Davey, Rachel ; Richardson, Deborah ; Rajaratnam, Giri. / A Randomized Controlled Trial of an Appearance-Related Smoking Intervention. In: Health Psychology. 2011 ; Vol. 30, No. 6. pp. 805-809.
    @article{fda6578d0b184d99bf275b2156569b2a,
    title = "A Randomized Controlled Trial of an Appearance-Related Smoking Intervention",
    abstract = "Objectives: To investigate whether exposure to a smoking-related facial age-progression technique impacts on quit smoking cognitions, nicotine dependence, and self-reported and objectively assessed smoking in young women in a randomized controlled trial. Methods: eighteen- to 34-year-old women smokers (n = 70) were allocated at random to either an appearance-related intervention (plus usual care) or control (usual care) group. Women completed questionnaires assessing attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control and intention to quit smoking immediately before, immediately after, and four weeks after receiving the intervention or usual care. At the first and last time points they also completed measures of nicotine dependence and self-reported and objectively assessed smoking (breath carbon monoxide levels). Results: The two groups were well matched at baseline. Using intention to treat analyses and baseline as a covariate, women in the appearance-related intervention group compared to the control group had significantly more positive attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and intentions to quit smoking immediately after exposure. Only the effects on quit smoking attitudes remained significant at four weeks postintervention. Nicotine dependence and self-reported smoking (total cigarettes in last seven days), but not objective smoking, were significantly lower in the intervention compared with control group at four weeks. Conclusions: This study suggests that an appearance-related smoking intervention may be a useful adjunct to traditional cessation programs with young women smokers",
    keywords = "adult, age distribution, aging, article, attitude, behavior control, breath analysis, cognition, controlled study, exposure, facies, female, human, major clinical study, questionnaire, randomized controlled trial, self report, smoking, smoking cessation, tobacco dependence",
    author = "Sarah Grogan and Keira Flett and David Clark-Carter and Mark Conner and Rachel Davey and Deborah Richardson and Giri Rajaratnam",
    year = "2011",
    doi = "10.1037/A0024745",
    language = "English",
    volume = "30",
    pages = "805--809",
    journal = "Health Psychology",
    issn = "0278-6133",
    publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
    number = "6",

    }

    Grogan, S, Flett, K, Clark-Carter, D, Conner, M, Davey, R, Richardson, D & Rajaratnam, G 2011, 'A Randomized Controlled Trial of an Appearance-Related Smoking Intervention', Health Psychology, vol. 30, no. 6, pp. 805-809. https://doi.org/10.1037/A0024745

    A Randomized Controlled Trial of an Appearance-Related Smoking Intervention. / Grogan, Sarah; Flett, Keira; Clark-Carter, David; Conner, Mark; Davey, Rachel; Richardson, Deborah; Rajaratnam, Giri.

    In: Health Psychology, Vol. 30, No. 6, 2011, p. 805-809.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - A Randomized Controlled Trial of an Appearance-Related Smoking Intervention

    AU - Grogan, Sarah

    AU - Flett, Keira

    AU - Clark-Carter, David

    AU - Conner, Mark

    AU - Davey, Rachel

    AU - Richardson, Deborah

    AU - Rajaratnam, Giri

    PY - 2011

    Y1 - 2011

    N2 - Objectives: To investigate whether exposure to a smoking-related facial age-progression technique impacts on quit smoking cognitions, nicotine dependence, and self-reported and objectively assessed smoking in young women in a randomized controlled trial. Methods: eighteen- to 34-year-old women smokers (n = 70) were allocated at random to either an appearance-related intervention (plus usual care) or control (usual care) group. Women completed questionnaires assessing attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control and intention to quit smoking immediately before, immediately after, and four weeks after receiving the intervention or usual care. At the first and last time points they also completed measures of nicotine dependence and self-reported and objectively assessed smoking (breath carbon monoxide levels). Results: The two groups were well matched at baseline. Using intention to treat analyses and baseline as a covariate, women in the appearance-related intervention group compared to the control group had significantly more positive attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and intentions to quit smoking immediately after exposure. Only the effects on quit smoking attitudes remained significant at four weeks postintervention. Nicotine dependence and self-reported smoking (total cigarettes in last seven days), but not objective smoking, were significantly lower in the intervention compared with control group at four weeks. Conclusions: This study suggests that an appearance-related smoking intervention may be a useful adjunct to traditional cessation programs with young women smokers

    AB - Objectives: To investigate whether exposure to a smoking-related facial age-progression technique impacts on quit smoking cognitions, nicotine dependence, and self-reported and objectively assessed smoking in young women in a randomized controlled trial. Methods: eighteen- to 34-year-old women smokers (n = 70) were allocated at random to either an appearance-related intervention (plus usual care) or control (usual care) group. Women completed questionnaires assessing attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control and intention to quit smoking immediately before, immediately after, and four weeks after receiving the intervention or usual care. At the first and last time points they also completed measures of nicotine dependence and self-reported and objectively assessed smoking (breath carbon monoxide levels). Results: The two groups were well matched at baseline. Using intention to treat analyses and baseline as a covariate, women in the appearance-related intervention group compared to the control group had significantly more positive attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and intentions to quit smoking immediately after exposure. Only the effects on quit smoking attitudes remained significant at four weeks postintervention. Nicotine dependence and self-reported smoking (total cigarettes in last seven days), but not objective smoking, were significantly lower in the intervention compared with control group at four weeks. Conclusions: This study suggests that an appearance-related smoking intervention may be a useful adjunct to traditional cessation programs with young women smokers

    KW - adult

    KW - age distribution

    KW - aging

    KW - article

    KW - attitude

    KW - behavior control

    KW - breath analysis

    KW - cognition

    KW - controlled study

    KW - exposure

    KW - facies

    KW - female

    KW - human

    KW - major clinical study

    KW - questionnaire

    KW - randomized controlled trial

    KW - self report

    KW - smoking

    KW - smoking cessation

    KW - tobacco dependence

    U2 - 10.1037/A0024745

    DO - 10.1037/A0024745

    M3 - Article

    VL - 30

    SP - 805

    EP - 809

    JO - Health Psychology

    JF - Health Psychology

    SN - 0278-6133

    IS - 6

    ER -

    Grogan S, Flett K, Clark-Carter D, Conner M, Davey R, Richardson D et al. A Randomized Controlled Trial of an Appearance-Related Smoking Intervention. Health Psychology. 2011;30(6):805-809. https://doi.org/10.1037/A0024745