A Reassessment of the European Union's Response to Climate-Related Security Risks

Elise Remling, Anniek Barnhoorn

Research output: Book/ReportReportspeer-review


This SIPRI Insights paper examines how climate-related security risks (CRSRs) are framed and responded to within different bodies of the European Union (EU). The paper finds that CRSRs are framed differently across the EU and that the kinds of actions proposed vary. Although this is not necessarily a problem, a key challenge is that across the EU the prescriptions for addressing CRSRs largely focus on long-term prevention in the form of climate mitigation, on the one hand, and reactive crisis responses, on the other. As a result, the substantial climate change that is already locked in and its related security risks are currently not being addressed. Similarly, this focus overlooks the varied and often complex ways in which climate change can increase risks. The paper concludes that the EU needs to broaden its understanding of and response to CRSRs if it wants to take-and inspire-more effective action to reduce such risks.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationStockholm
PublisherStockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)
Number of pages24
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Publication series

NameSIPRI Insights on Peace and Security


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