A simple and inexpensive chromium-reducible sulfur method for acid-sulfate soils

Edward D. Burton, Leigh A. Sullivan, Richard T. Bush, Scott G. Johnston, Annabelle F. Keene

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

100 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A new chromium-reducible sulfur (CRS) method suitable for the quantification of reduced inorganic S (RIS) in acid-sulfate soils is presented. The new method utilises the reduction of RIS by an acidic Cr(II) solution within a sealed reaction chamber and diffusion of the produced H2S(g) into an alkaline Zn solution. It offers rapid sample processing times, without the need for large volumes of high-purity N2(g) or for specialized, expensive glassware. Examination of pyrite-talc mixtures containing up to 11.8% pyrite, revealed that the method achieves 95-98% recovery of RIS. A comparison between CRS measured by the new diffusion-based method and that measured by a standard purge-and-trap method for 25 pyritic soil samples shows a very strong (r2 = 0.996) linear relationship with a slope of 0.995. The ability of the new diffusion-based CRS method to achieve accurate and precise quantification of RIS in acid-sulfate soils is demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2759-2766
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Geochemistry
Volume23
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

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acid sulfate soil
Chromium
Sulfur
Sulfates
chromium
Pyrites
sulfur
Soils
Acids
Talc
pyrite
Recovery
talc
Processing
method

Cite this

Burton, Edward D. ; Sullivan, Leigh A. ; Bush, Richard T. ; Johnston, Scott G. ; Keene, Annabelle F. / A simple and inexpensive chromium-reducible sulfur method for acid-sulfate soils. In: Applied Geochemistry. 2008 ; Vol. 23, No. 9. pp. 2759-2766.
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A simple and inexpensive chromium-reducible sulfur method for acid-sulfate soils. / Burton, Edward D.; Sullivan, Leigh A.; Bush, Richard T.; Johnston, Scott G.; Keene, Annabelle F.

In: Applied Geochemistry, Vol. 23, No. 9, 2008, p. 2759-2766.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - A simple and inexpensive chromium-reducible sulfur method for acid-sulfate soils

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AU - Sullivan, Leigh A.

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AB - A new chromium-reducible sulfur (CRS) method suitable for the quantification of reduced inorganic S (RIS) in acid-sulfate soils is presented. The new method utilises the reduction of RIS by an acidic Cr(II) solution within a sealed reaction chamber and diffusion of the produced H2S(g) into an alkaline Zn solution. It offers rapid sample processing times, without the need for large volumes of high-purity N2(g) or for specialized, expensive glassware. Examination of pyrite-talc mixtures containing up to 11.8% pyrite, revealed that the method achieves 95-98% recovery of RIS. A comparison between CRS measured by the new diffusion-based method and that measured by a standard purge-and-trap method for 25 pyritic soil samples shows a very strong (r2 = 0.996) linear relationship with a slope of 0.995. The ability of the new diffusion-based CRS method to achieve accurate and precise quantification of RIS in acid-sulfate soils is demonstrated.

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