A study on children's media use and social relationships: 어린이 집단의 미디어 이용과 사회적 관계

Young Bae, Sora Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The new media including the Internet have several characteristics, Among those, the usages' relation to social relationships is becoming more important, This study aims at examining how the children's everyday life is filled with media usage in relevance to human relationships.
For the study, a survey of 137 elementary school students residing in Seoul and their parents was conducted. Most variables concerning the media usage in the home was assessed by asking the parents. Other attitudinal variables were obtained directly from students. The results show that children still spend most time with television even though they thought that the Internet was more important and fun. Children who perceived TV to be more important than the Internet or cell phones had more active social activities in school, TV served as a medium that initiated information exchange among children, The motivation of using the Internet turned out to influence the leadership in school, Entertainment and information oriented usage had high correlation with leadership, whilst communicative motives had less relevance to offline relationships but was more effective in maintaining relationships, Parents media usage was highly correlated with the children's media usage, The conversation time spent at home with parents were negatively correlated with TV watching, There is evidence that media usage is related to both domestic parenting style and relationships as well as the social relations that the young students build at school

인터넷을 포함한 새로운 미디어는 다양한 속성을 포함하고 있다. 그중에서도 대인간의 관계에 미치는 영향이 점차 중요해지고 있는데 본 연구에서는 어린이들의 일상 속의 미디어가 개인들의 관계망에 어떠한 관련성을 갖는지를 경험적으로 분석하였다.분석 결과를 간단히 요약하면, 가장 중요한 미디어로 TV를 선택한 집단의 경우 내향 중심성지수가 상대적으로 높게 나타난 반면, 컴퓨터를 선택한 집단은 매개중심성 지수가 높게 나타났다. 또한 이러한 결과는 인터넷 이용패턴에 있어서도 오락형과 교류형집단의 차이와도 같은 양상으로 드러났다.결론적으로 게임이나TV와 같은 미디어의 엔터테인먼트적 요소들은 오프라인에서의 대면적이고 직접적인 관계망의 유지에 도움이 되는 반면, 컴퓨터를 이용한 커뮤니케이션적인 요소들은 약한 관계이지만 구조적 이점을 가질 수 있는 관계망의 형성에 도움이 되는 것으로 판단된다.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-351
Number of pages45
JournalKorean Journal of Broadcasting and Telecommunication Studies
Volume19
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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