A systematic review of community readiness tool applications: Implications for reporting

Iordan Kostadinov, Mark DANIEL, Linda Stanley, Agustina Gancia, Margaret CARGO

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

13 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Background: A systematic review characterised and synthesised applications of the Community Readiness Tool (CRT) and synthesised quantitative results for readiness applications at multiple time points. Methods: Eleven databases in OvidSP and EBSCHOhost were searched to retrieve CRT applications. Information from primary studies was extracted independently by two researchers. Results: Forty applications of the CRT met inclusion criteria focussing on 14 different health and social issues. The community of interest was most often defined solely on the basis of its geographical location (52.5%). Most studies used the CRT to plan (85%) and/or evaluate programs (40%). The CRT protocol was modified in 40% of studies. Six applications evaluated readiness at multiple time points, however limited reporting in primary studies precluded any synthesis of results. Applications identified methodological rigour, contextual information and community engagement as strengths, and time and resource costs as limitations. Conclusions: The CRT is well suited for planning and evaluating complex community health interventions given its flexibility to accommodate diverse definitions of community and issues. CRT applications would benefit from improved reporting; reporting recommendations for use of the CRT are outlined
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3453-3468
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

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title = "A systematic review of community readiness tool applications: Implications for reporting",
abstract = "Background: A systematic review characterised and synthesised applications of the Community Readiness Tool (CRT) and synthesised quantitative results for readiness applications at multiple time points. Methods: Eleven databases in OvidSP and EBSCHOhost were searched to retrieve CRT applications. Information from primary studies was extracted independently by two researchers. Results: Forty applications of the CRT met inclusion criteria focussing on 14 different health and social issues. The community of interest was most often defined solely on the basis of its geographical location (52.5{\%}). Most studies used the CRT to plan (85{\%}) and/or evaluate programs (40{\%}). The CRT protocol was modified in 40{\%} of studies. Six applications evaluated readiness at multiple time points, however limited reporting in primary studies precluded any synthesis of results. Applications identified methodological rigour, contextual information and community engagement as strengths, and time and resource costs as limitations. Conclusions: The CRT is well suited for planning and evaluating complex community health interventions given its flexibility to accommodate diverse definitions of community and issues. CRT applications would benefit from improved reporting; reporting recommendations for use of the CRT are outlined",
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author = "Iordan Kostadinov and Mark DANIEL and Linda Stanley and Agustina Gancia and Margaret CARGO",
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A systematic review of community readiness tool applications: Implications for reporting. / Kostadinov, Iordan; DANIEL, Mark; Stanley, Linda; Gancia, Agustina; CARGO, Margaret.

In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 12, No. 4, 2015, p. 3453-3468.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - A systematic review of community readiness tool applications: Implications for reporting

AU - Kostadinov, Iordan

AU - DANIEL, Mark

AU - Stanley, Linda

AU - Gancia, Agustina

AU - CARGO, Margaret

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Background: A systematic review characterised and synthesised applications of the Community Readiness Tool (CRT) and synthesised quantitative results for readiness applications at multiple time points. Methods: Eleven databases in OvidSP and EBSCHOhost were searched to retrieve CRT applications. Information from primary studies was extracted independently by two researchers. Results: Forty applications of the CRT met inclusion criteria focussing on 14 different health and social issues. The community of interest was most often defined solely on the basis of its geographical location (52.5%). Most studies used the CRT to plan (85%) and/or evaluate programs (40%). The CRT protocol was modified in 40% of studies. Six applications evaluated readiness at multiple time points, however limited reporting in primary studies precluded any synthesis of results. Applications identified methodological rigour, contextual information and community engagement as strengths, and time and resource costs as limitations. Conclusions: The CRT is well suited for planning and evaluating complex community health interventions given its flexibility to accommodate diverse definitions of community and issues. CRT applications would benefit from improved reporting; reporting recommendations for use of the CRT are outlined

AB - Background: A systematic review characterised and synthesised applications of the Community Readiness Tool (CRT) and synthesised quantitative results for readiness applications at multiple time points. Methods: Eleven databases in OvidSP and EBSCHOhost were searched to retrieve CRT applications. Information from primary studies was extracted independently by two researchers. Results: Forty applications of the CRT met inclusion criteria focussing on 14 different health and social issues. The community of interest was most often defined solely on the basis of its geographical location (52.5%). Most studies used the CRT to plan (85%) and/or evaluate programs (40%). The CRT protocol was modified in 40% of studies. Six applications evaluated readiness at multiple time points, however limited reporting in primary studies precluded any synthesis of results. Applications identified methodological rigour, contextual information and community engagement as strengths, and time and resource costs as limitations. Conclusions: The CRT is well suited for planning and evaluating complex community health interventions given its flexibility to accommodate diverse definitions of community and issues. CRT applications would benefit from improved reporting; reporting recommendations for use of the CRT are outlined

KW - Community interventions

KW - Community readiness

KW - Evaluation

KW - Systematic review

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U2 - 10.3390/ijerph120403453

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