Achieving low-density lipoprotein cholesterol targets as assessed by different methods in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia: An analysis from the HELLAS-FH registry

Christos V. Rizos, Matilda Florentin, Ioannis Skoumas, Konstantinos Tziomalos, Loukianos Rallidis, Vasileios Kotsis, Vasileios Athyros, Emmanouil Skalidis, Genovefa Kolovou, Anastasia Garoufi, Eleni Bilianou, Iosif Koutagiar, Dimitrios Agapakis, Estela Kiouri, Christina Antza, Niki Katsiki, Evangelos Zacharis, Achilleas Attilakos, George Sfikas, Panagiotis AnagnostisDemosthenes B. Panagiotakos, Evangelos N. Liberopoulos

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is characterized by elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels and increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. FH patients often have increased lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] levels, which further increase CVD risk. Novel methods for accurately calculating LDL-C have been proposed. Methods: Patients with FH were recruited by a network of Greek sites participating in the HELLAS-FH registry. LDL-C levels were calculated using the Friedewald (LDL-CF) and the Martin/Hopkins (LDL-CM/H) equations as well as after correcting LDL-CM/H for Lp(a) levels [LDL-CLp(a)corM/H]. The objective was to compare LDL-C levels and target achievement as estimated by different methods in FH patients. Results: This analysis included 1620 patients (1423 adults and 197 children). In adults at diagnosis, LDL-CF and LDL-CM/H levels were similar [235 ± 70 mg/dL (6.1 ± 1.8 mmol/L) vs 235 ± 69 mg/dL (6.1 ± 1.8 mmol/L), respectively; P = NS], while LDL-CLp(a)corM/H levels were non-significantly lower than LDL-CF [211 ± 61 mg/dL (5.5 ± 1.6 mmol/L); P = 0.432]. In treated adults (n = 966) both LDL-CF [150 ± 71 mg/dL (3.9 ± 1.8 mmol/L)] and LDL-CM/H levels [151 ± 70 mg/dL (6.1 ± 1.8 mmol/L); P = 0.746] were similar, whereas LDL-CLp(a)corM/H levels were significantly lower than LDL-CF [121 ± 62 mg/dL (3.1 ± 1.6 mmol/L); P < 0.001]. Target achievement as per latest guidelines in treated patients using the LDL-CM/H (2.5%) and especially LDL-CLp(a)corM/H methods (10.7%) were significantly different than LDL-CF (2.9%; P < 0.001). In children, all 3 formulas resulted in similar LDL-C levels, both at diagnosis and in treated patients. However, target achievement by LDL-CF was lower compared with LDL-CM/H and LDL-CLp(a)corM/H methods (22.1 vs 24.8 vs 33.3%; P < 0.001 for both comparisons). Conclusion: LDL-CLp(a)corM/H results in significantly lower values and higher target achievement rate in both treated adults and children. If validated in clinical trials, LDL-CLp(a)corM/H may become the method of choice to more accurately estimate 'true' LDL-C levels in FH patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalLipids in Health and Disease
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 May 2020
Externally publishedYes

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