Activity patterns, body composition and muscle function during Ramadan in a Middle-East Muslim country

Sebastien Racinais, J D Périard, C K Li, J Grantham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

This study investigated the effects of Ramadan on activity patterns, body composition and muscle function. 11 moderately active Muslim males were screened 1 month and 1 week before, in the last week of, and 1 month after Ramadan. Activity patterns were assessed during 72 h using a tri-axial accelerometer, body composition was evaluated via bio-electrical impedance and muscle function during maximal isometric contractions with EMG recordings. Data showed a modification of the activity pattern during Ramadan with a higher level of activity from 02:00 to 05:00 h (29±26, 364±323 and 27±22 steps.h - 1 before, during and after Ramadan, respectively, P<0.05). However, total daily energy expenditure was similar during all testing periods (506±156, 542±219 and 545±207 Kcal.day - 1, respectively), partly explaining the lack of influence of Ramadan on body mass (70.9±11, 70.0±9 and 70.8±9 Kg, respectively) and composition (all P>0.05). Maximal force, associated electrical activity and neuromuscular efficiency (torque/EMG ratio) were maintained during Ramadan (torque: 254.6±30 N.m - 1, Neuromuscular efficiency: 1.0±0.4 a.u.) to levels observed before (244.3±26 N.m, 1.1±0.5 a.u.) and after the holy month (252.5±31 N.m, 1.1±0.5 a.u.). In summary, our data suggest that the influence of Ramadan should be considered as a modification in the distribution of activity times during the day.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)641-6
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume33
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012
Externally publishedYes

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Islam
Middle East
Torque
Body Composition
Muscles
Isometric Contraction
Electric Impedance

Cite this

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title = "Activity patterns, body composition and muscle function during Ramadan in a Middle-East Muslim country",
abstract = "This study investigated the effects of Ramadan on activity patterns, body composition and muscle function. 11 moderately active Muslim males were screened 1 month and 1 week before, in the last week of, and 1 month after Ramadan. Activity patterns were assessed during 72 h using a tri-axial accelerometer, body composition was evaluated via bio-electrical impedance and muscle function during maximal isometric contractions with EMG recordings. Data showed a modification of the activity pattern during Ramadan with a higher level of activity from 02:00 to 05:00 h (29±26, 364±323 and 27±22 steps.h - 1 before, during and after Ramadan, respectively, P<0.05). However, total daily energy expenditure was similar during all testing periods (506±156, 542±219 and 545±207 Kcal.day - 1, respectively), partly explaining the lack of influence of Ramadan on body mass (70.9±11, 70.0±9 and 70.8±9 Kg, respectively) and composition (all P>0.05). Maximal force, associated electrical activity and neuromuscular efficiency (torque/EMG ratio) were maintained during Ramadan (torque: 254.6±30 N.m - 1, Neuromuscular efficiency: 1.0±0.4 a.u.) to levels observed before (244.3±26 N.m, 1.1±0.5 a.u.) and after the holy month (252.5±31 N.m, 1.1±0.5 a.u.). In summary, our data suggest that the influence of Ramadan should be considered as a modification in the distribution of activity times during the day.",
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Activity patterns, body composition and muscle function during Ramadan in a Middle-East Muslim country. / Racinais, Sebastien; Périard, J D; Li, C K; Grantham, J.

In: International Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol. 33, No. 8, 08.2012, p. 641-6.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Activity patterns, body composition and muscle function during Ramadan in a Middle-East Muslim country

AU - Racinais, Sebastien

AU - Périard, J D

AU - Li, C K

AU - Grantham, J

N1 - © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

PY - 2012/8

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N2 - This study investigated the effects of Ramadan on activity patterns, body composition and muscle function. 11 moderately active Muslim males were screened 1 month and 1 week before, in the last week of, and 1 month after Ramadan. Activity patterns were assessed during 72 h using a tri-axial accelerometer, body composition was evaluated via bio-electrical impedance and muscle function during maximal isometric contractions with EMG recordings. Data showed a modification of the activity pattern during Ramadan with a higher level of activity from 02:00 to 05:00 h (29±26, 364±323 and 27±22 steps.h - 1 before, during and after Ramadan, respectively, P<0.05). However, total daily energy expenditure was similar during all testing periods (506±156, 542±219 and 545±207 Kcal.day - 1, respectively), partly explaining the lack of influence of Ramadan on body mass (70.9±11, 70.0±9 and 70.8±9 Kg, respectively) and composition (all P>0.05). Maximal force, associated electrical activity and neuromuscular efficiency (torque/EMG ratio) were maintained during Ramadan (torque: 254.6±30 N.m - 1, Neuromuscular efficiency: 1.0±0.4 a.u.) to levels observed before (244.3±26 N.m, 1.1±0.5 a.u.) and after the holy month (252.5±31 N.m, 1.1±0.5 a.u.). In summary, our data suggest that the influence of Ramadan should be considered as a modification in the distribution of activity times during the day.

AB - This study investigated the effects of Ramadan on activity patterns, body composition and muscle function. 11 moderately active Muslim males were screened 1 month and 1 week before, in the last week of, and 1 month after Ramadan. Activity patterns were assessed during 72 h using a tri-axial accelerometer, body composition was evaluated via bio-electrical impedance and muscle function during maximal isometric contractions with EMG recordings. Data showed a modification of the activity pattern during Ramadan with a higher level of activity from 02:00 to 05:00 h (29±26, 364±323 and 27±22 steps.h - 1 before, during and after Ramadan, respectively, P<0.05). However, total daily energy expenditure was similar during all testing periods (506±156, 542±219 and 545±207 Kcal.day - 1, respectively), partly explaining the lack of influence of Ramadan on body mass (70.9±11, 70.0±9 and 70.8±9 Kg, respectively) and composition (all P>0.05). Maximal force, associated electrical activity and neuromuscular efficiency (torque/EMG ratio) were maintained during Ramadan (torque: 254.6±30 N.m - 1, Neuromuscular efficiency: 1.0±0.4 a.u.) to levels observed before (244.3±26 N.m, 1.1±0.5 a.u.) and after the holy month (252.5±31 N.m, 1.1±0.5 a.u.). In summary, our data suggest that the influence of Ramadan should be considered as a modification in the distribution of activity times during the day.

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KW - Circadian Rhythm

KW - Electromyography

KW - Fasting

KW - Humans

KW - Islam

KW - Male

KW - Middle East

KW - Motor Activity

KW - Muscle, Skeletal

KW - Journal Article

KW - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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DO - 10.1055/s-0032-1304645

M3 - Article

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JF - International Journal of Sports Medicine

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