Addressing inequality through schools funding: a short history

Louise WATSON, Merryn Davies

    Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookConference contribution

    Abstract

    Since the mid-1980s, governments in Australia have been expected to demonstrate the effectiveness of public expenditure on schooling, with the increasing use of accountability instruments purporting to measure ‘school performance.’ Yet while local and international benchmarks reveal glaring inequalities in educational outcomes for students, the appropriate policy response remains contested, due partly to the absence of conclusive evidence that the provision of additional funding will ‘make a difference.’ This paper asks why there is a paucity of evidence on the effectiveness of equity funding for schools in Australia, in spite of fifty years of equity policies and programs. The authors review relevant literature and discuss the evolution of equity schools funding programs targeted at ‘disadvantaged’ schools and their communities, including major developments at the federal level, such as the Karmel report in the 1970s, National Partnerships Initiatives in the early 21st Century and the recent Gonski funding review. The influence of research and policy developments on the design, stated purpose and perceived effectiveness of equity policies and programs, as well as the impact of political and structural issues associated with the Australian federation, are discussed
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationAustralian Association for Research in Education (AARE) Conference 2016: papers
    EditorsMargaret Baguley
    Place of PublicationMelbourne, Australia
    PublisherAustralian Association for Research in Education (AARE)
    Pages1-11
    Number of pages11
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    EventAustralian Association for Research in Education (AARE) Annual Conference - Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia
    Duration: 27 Nov 20161 Dec 2016

    Conference

    ConferenceAustralian Association for Research in Education (AARE) Annual Conference
    CountryAustralia
    CityMelbourne
    Period27/11/161/12/16

    Fingerprint

    equity
    funding
    history
    school
    public expenditures
    federation
    development policy
    evidence
    responsibility
    community
    performance
    student

    Cite this

    WATSON, L., & Davies, M. (2016). Addressing inequality through schools funding: a short history. In M. Baguley (Ed.), Australian Association for Research in Education (AARE) Conference 2016: papers (pp. 1-11). Melbourne, Australia: Australian Association for Research in Education (AARE).
    WATSON, Louise ; Davies, Merryn. / Addressing inequality through schools funding: a short history. Australian Association for Research in Education (AARE) Conference 2016: papers. editor / Margaret Baguley. Melbourne, Australia : Australian Association for Research in Education (AARE), 2016. pp. 1-11
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    WATSON, L & Davies, M 2016, Addressing inequality through schools funding: a short history. in M Baguley (ed.), Australian Association for Research in Education (AARE) Conference 2016: papers. Australian Association for Research in Education (AARE), Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-11, Australian Association for Research in Education (AARE) Annual Conference, Melbourne, Australia, 27/11/16.

    Addressing inequality through schools funding: a short history. / WATSON, Louise; Davies, Merryn.

    Australian Association for Research in Education (AARE) Conference 2016: papers. ed. / Margaret Baguley. Melbourne, Australia : Australian Association for Research in Education (AARE), 2016. p. 1-11.

    Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookConference contribution

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    AB - Since the mid-1980s, governments in Australia have been expected to demonstrate the effectiveness of public expenditure on schooling, with the increasing use of accountability instruments purporting to measure ‘school performance.’ Yet while local and international benchmarks reveal glaring inequalities in educational outcomes for students, the appropriate policy response remains contested, due partly to the absence of conclusive evidence that the provision of additional funding will ‘make a difference.’ This paper asks why there is a paucity of evidence on the effectiveness of equity funding for schools in Australia, in spite of fifty years of equity policies and programs. The authors review relevant literature and discuss the evolution of equity schools funding programs targeted at ‘disadvantaged’ schools and their communities, including major developments at the federal level, such as the Karmel report in the 1970s, National Partnerships Initiatives in the early 21st Century and the recent Gonski funding review. The influence of research and policy developments on the design, stated purpose and perceived effectiveness of equity policies and programs, as well as the impact of political and structural issues associated with the Australian federation, are discussed

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    WATSON L, Davies M. Addressing inequality through schools funding: a short history. In Baguley M, editor, Australian Association for Research in Education (AARE) Conference 2016: papers. Melbourne, Australia: Australian Association for Research in Education (AARE). 2016. p. 1-11