Adherence to Mediterranean diet rather than olive oil consumption is a predictor against hypercholesterolaemia in elderly: the MEDIS study

Nenad NAUMOVSKI, Ekavi GEORGOUSOPOULOU, Duane MELLOR, Stefanos Tyrovolas, Suzanne Piscopo, Giuseppe Valacchi, N. Tsakountakis, Akis Zeimbekis, Vassiliki Bountziouka, Efthimios Gotsis, George Metallinos, Dimitra Tyrovola, Josep Antoni Tur, Antonia Leda Matalas, Christos Lionis, Evangelos Polychronopoulos, Demosthenes B. Panagiotakos

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Abstract

Background/Aims: This analysis aimed to compare the role of olive oil consumption with that of Mediterranean diet on their diagnostic value for the presence of hypercholesterolemia. Methods: Mediterranean islands study (MEDIS) recruited 2749 older (over 65 years of age) individuals between 2005-2015. Recruitment occurred from 21 Mediterranean islands and the rural Mani region (Peloponnesus) of Greece. Dietary habits, energy intake, physical activity status, socio-demographic characteristics (altitude in residing area, lifestyle parameters) and clinical profile aspects (including blood lipids) were measured. The level of adherence to Mediterranean diet was assessed using the a-priori index MedDietScore and olive oil consumption was assessed with a validated FFQ. The diagnostic value of the food data was assessed using the AUC for the presence of hypercholesterolemia. The p value for the comparison of AUC with 0.5 was performed with Likelihood Ratio test. Results: From diagnostic value of the presence of Hypercholesterolemia, MedDietScore was the only significant diagnostic tool (AUC = 0.547; p = 0.001), but neither the number of olive oil servings per week (AUC = 0.476; p = 0.096), nor the mean calories consumed from of olive oil daily (AUC = 0.492; p = 0.560) were effective diagnostic tools for the presence of Hypercholesterolemia Conclusions: The overall pattern of Mediterranean diet and not individual foods or food-groups, could be responsible for the protection against CVD risk factors. Funding source(s): Hellenic Heart Foundation, Harokopio University in Athens, Foundation for Education and European Culture (IPEP)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117
Number of pages1
JournalJournal of Nutrition and Intermediary Metabolism
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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Mediterranean Islands
Mediterranean Diet
Mediterranean diet
hypercholesterolemia
Hypercholesterolemia
olive oil
Area Under Curve
disease diagnosis
Food
Manis
sociodemographic characteristics
food groups
funding
physical activity
blood lipids
Greece
lifestyle
Feeding Behavior
education
energy intake

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NAUMOVSKI, Nenad ; GEORGOUSOPOULOU, Ekavi ; MELLOR, Duane ; Tyrovolas, Stefanos ; Piscopo, Suzanne ; Valacchi, Giuseppe ; Tsakountakis, N. ; Zeimbekis, Akis ; Bountziouka, Vassiliki ; Gotsis, Efthimios ; Metallinos, George ; Tyrovola, Dimitra ; Tur, Josep Antoni ; Matalas, Antonia Leda ; Lionis, Christos ; Polychronopoulos, Evangelos ; Panagiotakos, Demosthenes B. / Adherence to Mediterranean diet rather than olive oil consumption is a predictor against hypercholesterolaemia in elderly: the MEDIS study. In: Journal of Nutrition and Intermediary Metabolism. 2017 ; Vol. 8. pp. 117.
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title = "Adherence to Mediterranean diet rather than olive oil consumption is a predictor against hypercholesterolaemia in elderly: the MEDIS study",
abstract = "Background/Aims: This analysis aimed to compare the role of olive oil consumption with that of Mediterranean diet on their diagnostic value for the presence of hypercholesterolemia. Methods: Mediterranean islands study (MEDIS) recruited 2749 older (over 65 years of age) individuals between 2005-2015. Recruitment occurred from 21 Mediterranean islands and the rural Mani region (Peloponnesus) of Greece. Dietary habits, energy intake, physical activity status, socio-demographic characteristics (altitude in residing area, lifestyle parameters) and clinical profile aspects (including blood lipids) were measured. The level of adherence to Mediterranean diet was assessed using the a-priori index MedDietScore and olive oil consumption was assessed with a validated FFQ. The diagnostic value of the food data was assessed using the AUC for the presence of hypercholesterolemia. The p value for the comparison of AUC with 0.5 was performed with Likelihood Ratio test. Results: From diagnostic value of the presence of Hypercholesterolemia, MedDietScore was the only significant diagnostic tool (AUC = 0.547; p = 0.001), but neither the number of olive oil servings per week (AUC = 0.476; p = 0.096), nor the mean calories consumed from of olive oil daily (AUC = 0.492; p = 0.560) were effective diagnostic tools for the presence of Hypercholesterolemia Conclusions: The overall pattern of Mediterranean diet and not individual foods or food-groups, could be responsible for the protection against CVD risk factors. Funding source(s): Hellenic Heart Foundation, Harokopio University in Athens, Foundation for Education and European Culture (IPEP)",
author = "Nenad NAUMOVSKI and Ekavi GEORGOUSOPOULOU and Duane MELLOR and Stefanos Tyrovolas and Suzanne Piscopo and Giuseppe Valacchi and N. Tsakountakis and Akis Zeimbekis and Vassiliki Bountziouka and Efthimios Gotsis and George Metallinos and Dimitra Tyrovola and Tur, {Josep Antoni} and Matalas, {Antonia Leda} and Christos Lionis and Evangelos Polychronopoulos and Panagiotakos, {Demosthenes B.}",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1016/j.jnim.2017.04.215",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "117",
journal = "Journal of Nutrition and Intermediary Metabolism",
issn = "2352-3859",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

NAUMOVSKI, N, GEORGOUSOPOULOU, E, MELLOR, D, Tyrovolas, S, Piscopo, S, Valacchi, G, Tsakountakis, N, Zeimbekis, A, Bountziouka, V, Gotsis, E, Metallinos, G, Tyrovola, D, Tur, JA, Matalas, AL, Lionis, C, Polychronopoulos, E & Panagiotakos, DB 2017, 'Adherence to Mediterranean diet rather than olive oil consumption is a predictor against hypercholesterolaemia in elderly: the MEDIS study', Journal of Nutrition and Intermediary Metabolism, vol. 8, pp. 117. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnim.2017.04.215

Adherence to Mediterranean diet rather than olive oil consumption is a predictor against hypercholesterolaemia in elderly: the MEDIS study. / NAUMOVSKI, Nenad; GEORGOUSOPOULOU, Ekavi; MELLOR, Duane; Tyrovolas, Stefanos; Piscopo, Suzanne; Valacchi, Giuseppe; Tsakountakis, N.; Zeimbekis, Akis; Bountziouka, Vassiliki; Gotsis, Efthimios; Metallinos, George; Tyrovola, Dimitra; Tur, Josep Antoni; Matalas, Antonia Leda; Lionis, Christos; Polychronopoulos, Evangelos; Panagiotakos, Demosthenes B.

In: Journal of Nutrition and Intermediary Metabolism, Vol. 8, 2017, p. 117.

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting Abstract

TY - JOUR

T1 - Adherence to Mediterranean diet rather than olive oil consumption is a predictor against hypercholesterolaemia in elderly: the MEDIS study

AU - NAUMOVSKI, Nenad

AU - GEORGOUSOPOULOU, Ekavi

AU - MELLOR, Duane

AU - Tyrovolas, Stefanos

AU - Piscopo, Suzanne

AU - Valacchi, Giuseppe

AU - Tsakountakis, N.

AU - Zeimbekis, Akis

AU - Bountziouka, Vassiliki

AU - Gotsis, Efthimios

AU - Metallinos, George

AU - Tyrovola, Dimitra

AU - Tur, Josep Antoni

AU - Matalas, Antonia Leda

AU - Lionis, Christos

AU - Polychronopoulos, Evangelos

AU - Panagiotakos, Demosthenes B.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Background/Aims: This analysis aimed to compare the role of olive oil consumption with that of Mediterranean diet on their diagnostic value for the presence of hypercholesterolemia. Methods: Mediterranean islands study (MEDIS) recruited 2749 older (over 65 years of age) individuals between 2005-2015. Recruitment occurred from 21 Mediterranean islands and the rural Mani region (Peloponnesus) of Greece. Dietary habits, energy intake, physical activity status, socio-demographic characteristics (altitude in residing area, lifestyle parameters) and clinical profile aspects (including blood lipids) were measured. The level of adherence to Mediterranean diet was assessed using the a-priori index MedDietScore and olive oil consumption was assessed with a validated FFQ. The diagnostic value of the food data was assessed using the AUC for the presence of hypercholesterolemia. The p value for the comparison of AUC with 0.5 was performed with Likelihood Ratio test. Results: From diagnostic value of the presence of Hypercholesterolemia, MedDietScore was the only significant diagnostic tool (AUC = 0.547; p = 0.001), but neither the number of olive oil servings per week (AUC = 0.476; p = 0.096), nor the mean calories consumed from of olive oil daily (AUC = 0.492; p = 0.560) were effective diagnostic tools for the presence of Hypercholesterolemia Conclusions: The overall pattern of Mediterranean diet and not individual foods or food-groups, could be responsible for the protection against CVD risk factors. Funding source(s): Hellenic Heart Foundation, Harokopio University in Athens, Foundation for Education and European Culture (IPEP)

AB - Background/Aims: This analysis aimed to compare the role of olive oil consumption with that of Mediterranean diet on their diagnostic value for the presence of hypercholesterolemia. Methods: Mediterranean islands study (MEDIS) recruited 2749 older (over 65 years of age) individuals between 2005-2015. Recruitment occurred from 21 Mediterranean islands and the rural Mani region (Peloponnesus) of Greece. Dietary habits, energy intake, physical activity status, socio-demographic characteristics (altitude in residing area, lifestyle parameters) and clinical profile aspects (including blood lipids) were measured. The level of adherence to Mediterranean diet was assessed using the a-priori index MedDietScore and olive oil consumption was assessed with a validated FFQ. The diagnostic value of the food data was assessed using the AUC for the presence of hypercholesterolemia. The p value for the comparison of AUC with 0.5 was performed with Likelihood Ratio test. Results: From diagnostic value of the presence of Hypercholesterolemia, MedDietScore was the only significant diagnostic tool (AUC = 0.547; p = 0.001), but neither the number of olive oil servings per week (AUC = 0.476; p = 0.096), nor the mean calories consumed from of olive oil daily (AUC = 0.492; p = 0.560) were effective diagnostic tools for the presence of Hypercholesterolemia Conclusions: The overall pattern of Mediterranean diet and not individual foods or food-groups, could be responsible for the protection against CVD risk factors. Funding source(s): Hellenic Heart Foundation, Harokopio University in Athens, Foundation for Education and European Culture (IPEP)

UR - http://www.mendeley.com/research/adherence-mediterranean-diet-not-olive-oil-consumption-alone-predicts-hypercholesterolemia-elderly-m

U2 - 10.1016/j.jnim.2017.04.215

DO - 10.1016/j.jnim.2017.04.215

M3 - Meeting Abstract

VL - 8

SP - 117

JO - Journal of Nutrition and Intermediary Metabolism

JF - Journal of Nutrition and Intermediary Metabolism

SN - 2352-3859

ER -