Adipose tissue density, estimated adipose lipid fraction and whole body adiposity in male cadavers

A. D. Martin, M. Z. Daniel, D. T. Drinkwater, J. P. Clarys

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

92 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lipid and water together typically make up more than 90 of the body's adipose tissue mass. Although some reports have shown that the fraction of lipid in adipose tissue is greater in obese people than in lean ones, the quantitative relationship between adipose lipid fraction and overall adiposity of the body has never been investigated. We dissected six male unembalmed cadavers and weighed all adipose tissue (range 9.7-25.7 kg), allowing the calculation of percentage adiposity as 100 x total adipose mass/body mass (range 17.8-43.9%). Adipose tissue volume was determined by hydrostatic weighing of all portions of the dissected adipose tissue. For the six cadavers, whole body adipose tissue density ranged from 0.925-0.970 g/ml. Based on a three-component model of adipose tissue (lipid, water and dry fat-free solids), an expression for lipid fraction, F, was derived. After assuming densities for adipose lipid (0.905 g/ml), water at 36°C (0.997 g/ml) and the dry fat-free component (1.38 g/ml), the equation simplified to F = 6.256/D-5.912, where D is adipose tissue density (g/ml). Lipid fraction was then calculated for each of the six cadavers: the range (0.54-0.85) was in excellent agreement with published data. There was a significant correlation (r = 0.95, P < 0.005) between calculated lipid fraction and percentage adiposity. The regression equation predicting lipid fraction from percentage adiposity was y = 0.327 + 0.0124x. We conclude that the estimated fraction of lipid in human adipose tissue shows both a wide range and a strong positive linear relationship with overall body fatness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-83
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Obesity
Volume18
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

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Adiposity
adiposity
Cadaver
adipose tissue
Adipose Tissue
Lipids
lipids
Water
Fats
water

Cite this

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title = "Adipose tissue density, estimated adipose lipid fraction and whole body adiposity in male cadavers",
abstract = "Lipid and water together typically make up more than 90 of the body's adipose tissue mass. Although some reports have shown that the fraction of lipid in adipose tissue is greater in obese people than in lean ones, the quantitative relationship between adipose lipid fraction and overall adiposity of the body has never been investigated. We dissected six male unembalmed cadavers and weighed all adipose tissue (range 9.7-25.7 kg), allowing the calculation of percentage adiposity as 100 x total adipose mass/body mass (range 17.8-43.9{\%}). Adipose tissue volume was determined by hydrostatic weighing of all portions of the dissected adipose tissue. For the six cadavers, whole body adipose tissue density ranged from 0.925-0.970 g/ml. Based on a three-component model of adipose tissue (lipid, water and dry fat-free solids), an expression for lipid fraction, F, was derived. After assuming densities for adipose lipid (0.905 g/ml), water at 36°C (0.997 g/ml) and the dry fat-free component (1.38 g/ml), the equation simplified to F = 6.256/D-5.912, where D is adipose tissue density (g/ml). Lipid fraction was then calculated for each of the six cadavers: the range (0.54-0.85) was in excellent agreement with published data. There was a significant correlation (r = 0.95, P < 0.005) between calculated lipid fraction and percentage adiposity. The regression equation predicting lipid fraction from percentage adiposity was y = 0.327 + 0.0124x. We conclude that the estimated fraction of lipid in human adipose tissue shows both a wide range and a strong positive linear relationship with overall body fatness.",
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Adipose tissue density, estimated adipose lipid fraction and whole body adiposity in male cadavers. / Martin, A. D.; Daniel, M. Z.; Drinkwater, D. T.; Clarys, J. P.

In: International Journal of Obesity, Vol. 18, No. 2, 1994, p. 79-83.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Adipose tissue density, estimated adipose lipid fraction and whole body adiposity in male cadavers

AU - Martin, A. D.

AU - Daniel, M. Z.

AU - Drinkwater, D. T.

AU - Clarys, J. P.

PY - 1994

Y1 - 1994

N2 - Lipid and water together typically make up more than 90 of the body's adipose tissue mass. Although some reports have shown that the fraction of lipid in adipose tissue is greater in obese people than in lean ones, the quantitative relationship between adipose lipid fraction and overall adiposity of the body has never been investigated. We dissected six male unembalmed cadavers and weighed all adipose tissue (range 9.7-25.7 kg), allowing the calculation of percentage adiposity as 100 x total adipose mass/body mass (range 17.8-43.9%). Adipose tissue volume was determined by hydrostatic weighing of all portions of the dissected adipose tissue. For the six cadavers, whole body adipose tissue density ranged from 0.925-0.970 g/ml. Based on a three-component model of adipose tissue (lipid, water and dry fat-free solids), an expression for lipid fraction, F, was derived. After assuming densities for adipose lipid (0.905 g/ml), water at 36°C (0.997 g/ml) and the dry fat-free component (1.38 g/ml), the equation simplified to F = 6.256/D-5.912, where D is adipose tissue density (g/ml). Lipid fraction was then calculated for each of the six cadavers: the range (0.54-0.85) was in excellent agreement with published data. There was a significant correlation (r = 0.95, P < 0.005) between calculated lipid fraction and percentage adiposity. The regression equation predicting lipid fraction from percentage adiposity was y = 0.327 + 0.0124x. We conclude that the estimated fraction of lipid in human adipose tissue shows both a wide range and a strong positive linear relationship with overall body fatness.

AB - Lipid and water together typically make up more than 90 of the body's adipose tissue mass. Although some reports have shown that the fraction of lipid in adipose tissue is greater in obese people than in lean ones, the quantitative relationship between adipose lipid fraction and overall adiposity of the body has never been investigated. We dissected six male unembalmed cadavers and weighed all adipose tissue (range 9.7-25.7 kg), allowing the calculation of percentage adiposity as 100 x total adipose mass/body mass (range 17.8-43.9%). Adipose tissue volume was determined by hydrostatic weighing of all portions of the dissected adipose tissue. For the six cadavers, whole body adipose tissue density ranged from 0.925-0.970 g/ml. Based on a three-component model of adipose tissue (lipid, water and dry fat-free solids), an expression for lipid fraction, F, was derived. After assuming densities for adipose lipid (0.905 g/ml), water at 36°C (0.997 g/ml) and the dry fat-free component (1.38 g/ml), the equation simplified to F = 6.256/D-5.912, where D is adipose tissue density (g/ml). Lipid fraction was then calculated for each of the six cadavers: the range (0.54-0.85) was in excellent agreement with published data. There was a significant correlation (r = 0.95, P < 0.005) between calculated lipid fraction and percentage adiposity. The regression equation predicting lipid fraction from percentage adiposity was y = 0.327 + 0.0124x. We conclude that the estimated fraction of lipid in human adipose tissue shows both a wide range and a strong positive linear relationship with overall body fatness.

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