Aeroecological observation methods

V. Alistair Drake, Bruno Bruderer

Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookChapter

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Observation of animals flying in the atmosphere is the core empirical process of aeroecology. For species that are small, or that fly by night or at high altitudes, this presents a considerable challenge. Even for the more visible species and for flights near the ground, recording the animals' movements requires specialised techniques. Fortunately, continuing rapid advances in radio and optical technologies, electronics, and computing are providing numerous opportunities for developing new and improved observing capabilities. The larger, more complete, and more precise observational datasets that these new technologies are providing underlie the current wave of discovery and growth in this novel discipline. This chapter is mainly concerned with methods for detecting and studying insects, birds, and bats flying in the open air, i.e. above the vegetation layer. Detection of these animals, and estimation of their numbers, can be achieved through in-flight capture or by remote sensing, with the latter comprising visual observation (including technologies for augmenting human sight), aural monitoring, radar, and laser/lidar. Remotely sensed animals can be identified, though sometimes only to a group of species, from characteristic features of the signals or images received. Information about the animals' activities-their mode of flight, orientation, etc.-can be obtained either by remote sensing or from sensors mounted on the animals. The latter method, which relies on radiotelemetry or archival logging to record the acquired data, may also be used to monitor the animal's physiological state, the environment it is moving in, and its trajectory. The chapter also examines how information about the timing and geographical extent of movements, and the environmental conditions the animals are experiencing, can be obtained. Finally, the particular challenges of observational aeroecology are identified, the multidisciplinary nature of the observing task is recognised, and some possible developments are proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAeroecology
EditorsPhillip B. Chilson, Winifred F. Frick, Jeffrey F. Kelly, Felix Liechti
Place of PublicationCham, Germany
PublisherSpringer
Chapter9
Pages201-237
Number of pages37
ISBN (Electronic)9783319685762
ISBN (Print)9783319685748
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Animals
Observation
animal
flight
animals
Technology
methodology
remote sensing
Remote sensing
Radar
lidar
method
monitoring
radiotelemetry
radar
Birds
radio telemetry
Optical radar
physiological state
bat

Cite this

Drake, V. A., & Bruderer, B. (2017). Aeroecological observation methods. In P. B. Chilson, W. F. Frick, J. F. Kelly, & F. Liechti (Eds.), Aeroecology (pp. 201-237). Cham, Germany: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-68576-2_9
Drake, V. Alistair ; Bruderer, Bruno. / Aeroecological observation methods. Aeroecology. editor / Phillip B. Chilson ; Winifred F. Frick ; Jeffrey F. Kelly ; Felix Liechti. Cham, Germany : Springer, 2017. pp. 201-237
@inbook{9268af491b5f489a928e7c29491049d3,
title = "Aeroecological observation methods",
abstract = "Observation of animals flying in the atmosphere is the core empirical process of aeroecology. For species that are small, or that fly by night or at high altitudes, this presents a considerable challenge. Even for the more visible species and for flights near the ground, recording the animals' movements requires specialised techniques. Fortunately, continuing rapid advances in radio and optical technologies, electronics, and computing are providing numerous opportunities for developing new and improved observing capabilities. The larger, more complete, and more precise observational datasets that these new technologies are providing underlie the current wave of discovery and growth in this novel discipline. This chapter is mainly concerned with methods for detecting and studying insects, birds, and bats flying in the open air, i.e. above the vegetation layer. Detection of these animals, and estimation of their numbers, can be achieved through in-flight capture or by remote sensing, with the latter comprising visual observation (including technologies for augmenting human sight), aural monitoring, radar, and laser/lidar. Remotely sensed animals can be identified, though sometimes only to a group of species, from characteristic features of the signals or images received. Information about the animals' activities-their mode of flight, orientation, etc.-can be obtained either by remote sensing or from sensors mounted on the animals. The latter method, which relies on radiotelemetry or archival logging to record the acquired data, may also be used to monitor the animal's physiological state, the environment it is moving in, and its trajectory. The chapter also examines how information about the timing and geographical extent of movements, and the environmental conditions the animals are experiencing, can be obtained. Finally, the particular challenges of observational aeroecology are identified, the multidisciplinary nature of the observing task is recognised, and some possible developments are proposed.",
author = "Drake, {V. Alistair} and Bruno Bruderer",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1007/978-3-319-68576-2_9",
language = "English",
isbn = "9783319685748",
pages = "201--237",
editor = "Chilson, {Phillip B.} and Frick, {Winifred F.} and Kelly, {Jeffrey F.} and Felix Liechti",
booktitle = "Aeroecology",
publisher = "Springer",
address = "Netherlands",

}

Drake, VA & Bruderer, B 2017, Aeroecological observation methods. in PB Chilson, WF Frick, JF Kelly & F Liechti (eds), Aeroecology. Springer, Cham, Germany, pp. 201-237. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-68576-2_9

Aeroecological observation methods. / Drake, V. Alistair; Bruderer, Bruno.

Aeroecology. ed. / Phillip B. Chilson; Winifred F. Frick; Jeffrey F. Kelly; Felix Liechti. Cham, Germany : Springer, 2017. p. 201-237.

Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookChapter

TY - CHAP

T1 - Aeroecological observation methods

AU - Drake, V. Alistair

AU - Bruderer, Bruno

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Observation of animals flying in the atmosphere is the core empirical process of aeroecology. For species that are small, or that fly by night or at high altitudes, this presents a considerable challenge. Even for the more visible species and for flights near the ground, recording the animals' movements requires specialised techniques. Fortunately, continuing rapid advances in radio and optical technologies, electronics, and computing are providing numerous opportunities for developing new and improved observing capabilities. The larger, more complete, and more precise observational datasets that these new technologies are providing underlie the current wave of discovery and growth in this novel discipline. This chapter is mainly concerned with methods for detecting and studying insects, birds, and bats flying in the open air, i.e. above the vegetation layer. Detection of these animals, and estimation of their numbers, can be achieved through in-flight capture or by remote sensing, with the latter comprising visual observation (including technologies for augmenting human sight), aural monitoring, radar, and laser/lidar. Remotely sensed animals can be identified, though sometimes only to a group of species, from characteristic features of the signals or images received. Information about the animals' activities-their mode of flight, orientation, etc.-can be obtained either by remote sensing or from sensors mounted on the animals. The latter method, which relies on radiotelemetry or archival logging to record the acquired data, may also be used to monitor the animal's physiological state, the environment it is moving in, and its trajectory. The chapter also examines how information about the timing and geographical extent of movements, and the environmental conditions the animals are experiencing, can be obtained. Finally, the particular challenges of observational aeroecology are identified, the multidisciplinary nature of the observing task is recognised, and some possible developments are proposed.

AB - Observation of animals flying in the atmosphere is the core empirical process of aeroecology. For species that are small, or that fly by night or at high altitudes, this presents a considerable challenge. Even for the more visible species and for flights near the ground, recording the animals' movements requires specialised techniques. Fortunately, continuing rapid advances in radio and optical technologies, electronics, and computing are providing numerous opportunities for developing new and improved observing capabilities. The larger, more complete, and more precise observational datasets that these new technologies are providing underlie the current wave of discovery and growth in this novel discipline. This chapter is mainly concerned with methods for detecting and studying insects, birds, and bats flying in the open air, i.e. above the vegetation layer. Detection of these animals, and estimation of their numbers, can be achieved through in-flight capture or by remote sensing, with the latter comprising visual observation (including technologies for augmenting human sight), aural monitoring, radar, and laser/lidar. Remotely sensed animals can be identified, though sometimes only to a group of species, from characteristic features of the signals or images received. Information about the animals' activities-their mode of flight, orientation, etc.-can be obtained either by remote sensing or from sensors mounted on the animals. The latter method, which relies on radiotelemetry or archival logging to record the acquired data, may also be used to monitor the animal's physiological state, the environment it is moving in, and its trajectory. The chapter also examines how information about the timing and geographical extent of movements, and the environmental conditions the animals are experiencing, can be obtained. Finally, the particular challenges of observational aeroecology are identified, the multidisciplinary nature of the observing task is recognised, and some possible developments are proposed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85046257094&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-319-68576-2_9

DO - 10.1007/978-3-319-68576-2_9

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9783319685748

SP - 201

EP - 237

BT - Aeroecology

A2 - Chilson, Phillip B.

A2 - Frick, Winifred F.

A2 - Kelly, Jeffrey F.

A2 - Liechti, Felix

PB - Springer

CY - Cham, Germany

ER -

Drake VA, Bruderer B. Aeroecological observation methods. In Chilson PB, Frick WF, Kelly JF, Liechti F, editors, Aeroecology. Cham, Germany: Springer. 2017. p. 201-237 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-68576-2_9