Ageing and health status in adults with intellectual disabilities: Results of the European POMONA II study

Meindert Haveman, Jonathan Perry, Luis Salvador-Carulla, Patricia Noonan Walsh, Mike Kerr, Henny Van Schrojenstein Lantman-De Valk, Geert Van Hove, Dasa Moravec Berger, Bernard Azema, Serafino Buono, Alexandra Carmen Cara, Arunas Germanavicius, Christine Linehan, Tuomo Määttä, Jan Tossebro, Germain Weber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

123 Citations (Scopus)


Background POMONA II was a European Commission public health-funded project. The research questions in this article focus on age-specific differences relating to environmental and lifestyle factors, and the 17 medical conditions measured by the POMONA Checklist of Health Indicators (P15). Method The P15 was completed in a cross-sectional design for a stratified sample of 1,253 adults with ID across 14 European member states. Results Older people (55+) were more likely to live in larger residential homes. Rates of smoking and use of alcohol were lower than in the general population but were higher with older age. More than 60% of older adults had a sedentary lifestyle. Cataract, hearing disorder, diabetes, hypertension, osteoarthritis/arthrosis, and osteoporosis were positively associated with advancing age; allergies and epilepsy, negatively associated. Conclusions Some evidence of health disparities was found for older people with ID, particularly in terms of underdiagnosed or inadequately managed preventable health conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-60
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2011
Externally publishedYes


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