Aims, design and preliminary findings of the Hellenic National Nutrition and Health Survey (HNNHS)

Emmanuella Magriplis, Ioannis Dimakopoulos, Dimitra Karageorgou, Anastasia Vasiliki Mitsopoulou, Ioanna Bakogianni, Renata Micha, George Michas, Triantafyllia Ntouroupi, Sophia Maria Tsaniklidou, Kostantina Argyri, George Danezis, Constantinos Georgiou, Demosthenes B. Panagiotakos, Antonis Zampelas, Evangelia Fappa, Eleni Maria Theodoraki, Eirini Trichia, Theodora Eirini Sialvera, Aggeliki Varytimiadi, Eleni SpyreliMichalis Chourdakis, Antonis Koutelidakis, George Karlis, Stauroula Zacharia, Anna Papageorgiou, George P. Chrousos, Georgios Dedoussis, George Dimitriadis, Ioannis Yannis Manios, Eleftheria Roma

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Abstract

Background: The aim of the Hellenic National Nutrition and Health Survey was to assess nutritional intake, health status and various behaviors in a representative sample of the Greek population. Methods: Data collection took place from 01.09.2013 to 31.05.2015. Random stratified sampling was performed by (a) geographical density criteria of Greece (7 regions), (b) age group of the reference population (< 19, 20-64 and > 65 years) and (c) gender distribution. The final population enrolled included (throughout Greece), 4574 individuals (42.5% men; 57.5% women of who 47.2% were from Athens metropolitan area, 18.5% from Central Macedonia, and the remaining 34% almost equally scattered throughout the country (p for the comparisons with official statistics by region, age group and sex > 0.7). Questionnaires developed were based on extensive review of the literature, following a validation procedure when necessary. Results: Preliminary analyses revealed that 32% of the adult population were overweight and 15.5% were obese, with significant gender differences in total and per age group (p < 0.001, for all). The majority of the adult population reported being active smokers (50.4%) or regular alcohol consumers (72.4%); with significant gender differences (p < 0.001, for all). Prevalence of hyperlipidemia was 16.7%, cardiovascular disease 13.9%, hypertension 13.3%, thyroid disease 13.8%, and Diabetes Mellitus 3.6%. Significant gender and age group differences were found in various diseases. Conclusions: Study's preliminary results provide valuable information about the Hellenic population's health. Findings from this survey could be used to detect disease risk factors for public health prevention policies and programs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number37
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalBMC Medical Research Methodology
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Feb 2019
Externally publishedYes

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