Amyloid-β Peptide Aβ3pE-42 Induces Lipid Peroxidation, Membrane Permeabilization, and Calcium Influx in Neurons

Adam P Gunn, Bruce X Wong, Timothy Johanssen, James C Griffith, Colin L Masters, Ashley I Bush, Kevin J Barnham, James A Duce, Robert A Cherny

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38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pyroglutamate-modified amyloid-β (pE-Aβ) is a highly neurotoxic amyloid-β (Aβ) isoform and is enriched in the brains of individuals with Alzheimer disease compared with healthy aged controls. Pyroglutamate formation increases the rate of Aβ oligomerization and alters the interactions of Aβ with Cu(2+) and lipids; however, a link between these properties and the toxicity of pE-Aβ peptides has not been established. We report here that Aβ3pE-42 has an enhanced capacity to cause lipid peroxidation in primary cortical mouse neurons compared with the full-length isoform (Aβ(1-42)). In contrast, Aβ(1-42) caused a significant elevation in cytosolic reactive oxygen species, whereas Aβ3pE-42 did not. We also report that Aβ3pE-42 preferentially associates with neuronal membranes and triggers Ca(2+) influx that can be partially blocked by the N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor antagonist MK-801. Aβ3pE-42 further caused a loss of plasma membrane integrity and remained bound to neurons at significantly higher levels than Aβ(1-42) over extended incubations. Pyroglutamate formation was additionally found to increase the relative efficiency of Aβ-dityrosine oligomer formation mediated by copper-redox cycling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6134-6145
Number of pages12
JournalThe Journal of Biological Chemistry
Volume291
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Mar 2016
Externally publishedYes

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Gunn, A. P., Wong, B. X., Johanssen, T., Griffith, J. C., Masters, C. L., Bush, A. I., ... Cherny, R. A. (2016). Amyloid-β Peptide Aβ3pE-42 Induces Lipid Peroxidation, Membrane Permeabilization, and Calcium Influx in Neurons. The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 291(12), 6134-6145. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M115.655183