This paper postulates that composition strategies propounded in Colin Rowe (1920-1999) and Fred Koetter’s (1938) Collage City illustrate a form of quotation at the scale of the urban precinct and composite building. The paper demonstrates that three kinds of quotation are at work: quotation as literal citation, as replication of form generation principles, and as evocation of architectural character chiefly by means of the park as city image. The paper suggests that a close analysis of Collage City will add to our understanding of the concept and device of quotation in terms of the aesthetics of urban scale composition. The paper also postulates that certain secondary readings have misread Collage City or at best not done it full justice in claiming the book advocates the common, the permanent, and the stable. The paper suggests that closer analysis of the text, the iconographic support, and student work undertaken under Rowe’s direction in the Cornell University graduate urban design studio demonstrate an aesthetic sensibility, a mind set, and a studio practice that is all about action, change, and movement. Collage City, student work completed under Rowe at Cornell, and contemporaneous writing comprise primary source material for the research. Key secondary literature – Baird, Biraghi, Cooper, Hurtt, Middleton, Ockman, Ortelli, Secchi, Tschumi – is referenced and for select works differences in point of view and finding briefly discussed. The paper makes a contribution of scholarship on the ideas and influence of Rowe and Koetter’s thinking and Rowe’s teaching on architectural discourse revealing a generative potential largely ignored in secondary literature to date, adds to studies of twentieth-century architectural education, and addresses aspects of the 2017 SAHANZ conference theme of quotation.
|Title of host publication||Quotation: What does history have in store for architecture today?|
|Subtitle of host publication||Proceedings of the 34th Annual Conference of the Society of Architectural Historians, Australia and New Zealand|
|Editors||Gevork Hartoonian, John Ting|
|Place of Publication||Canberra|
|Publisher||Society of Architectural Historians Australia New Zealand|
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 2017|
JASPER, M. (2017). An Architectural-Urban Strategy: Re-reading Rowe and Koetter’s Collage City. In G. Hartoonian, & J. Ting (Eds.), Quotation: What does history have in store for architecture today?: Proceedings of the 34th Annual Conference of the Society of Architectural Historians, Australia and New Zealand (pp. 279-288). Canberra: Society of Architectural Historians Australia New Zealand.