An effective pandemic treaty requires accountability

Guilherme F. Faviero, Barbara M. Stocking, Steven J. Hoffman, Anicca Liu, Daniel G. Bausch, Sandro Galea, Lawrence O. Gostin, Ángel Gurría, Jane Halton, Maksut Kulzhanov, Ricardo B. Leite, John D. Mahama, Jemilah B. Mahmood, Laura Chinchilla Miranda, Carlos del Rio, Michael Weinstein, Jorge Saavedra, José Szapocznik

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debatepeer-review

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic is estimated to have killed six to 18 million persons.1 This pandemic exposed major gaps in our global health security architecture that must be addressed to keep infectious disease outbreaks from becoming pandemics, and to effectively respond when they occur.2, 3 To address these gaps, WHO member states created the Intergovernmental Negotiating Body to negotiate a treaty or international health agreement on pandemic prevention, preparedness, and response. These negotiations are currently underway, and an initial working draft of a proposed legal instrument has been made public.4
A major gap in existing international health agreements is the scarcity of accountability mechanisms to independently and objectively assess and monitor compliance as well as to incentivise or sanction country non-compliance with agreed-upon regulations. For a global agreement to succeed in preventing and mitigating pandemics, standards must be set, and countries and international bodies held accountable to their commitments and obligations under those standards.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)730-731
Number of pages2
JournalThe Lancet Public Health
Volume7
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2022
Externally publishedYes

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