An online platform for conducting spatial statistical analyses of national census data across Australia

Christopher Pettit, Robert TANTON, Jane Hunter

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In recent years there have been significant advances in online planning and decision support systems that encompass spatial and statistical analysis and visualisation services. In this paper we provide an analysis and evaluation of one particular online spatial-statistical platform, known as the Australian Urban Research Infrastructure Network (AURIN) portal. By adopting the Statistical Data and Metadata Exchange (SMDX) format, more than 500 socio-economic data products can be dynamically searched, browsed, accessed and analysed via the AURIN portal. The significance of this approach is that urban geographers can access both the datasets and statistical analysis tools via the same online Portal and thus in theory, conduct their research more efficiently.

    In conducting our research we specifically focus on three practical use cases which utilise machine-to-machine access from the AURIN portal to the national census data maintained by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). The first use case involves location quotient analysis in New South Wales to analyse the financial sector. The second use case focuses on understanding economic growth across industry sectors across Queensland using shift-share analysis. The third use case aims to identify spatial autocorrelation between low income and other spatial variables in South Australia. Through this in-depth case study approach we have identified there are some strengths and weaknesses with the AURIN portal. We have demonstrated that the portal can successfully search, interrogate and visualise spatial-statistical data from across Australia. We have also demonstrated that the AURIN portal can successfully conduct simple spatial-statistical analysis all via a single online platform. However, we have also found there remains significant challenges in manipulating and visualising complex multi-dimensional datasets through the portal. Yet these challenges are not considered insurmountable and further research should endeavour to address them. In conclusion, it is important to highlight that online platforms such as the AURIN portal hold significant promise as effective planning and decision support systems which can be used to better shape our cities
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)68-79
    Number of pages12
    JournalComputers, Environment and Urban Systems
    Volume63
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - May 2017

    Fingerprint

    urban research
    census
    infrastructure
    statistical analysis
    statistical data
    decision support system
    shift-share analysis
    planning
    metadata
    spatial analysis
    autocorrelation
    visualization
    economic growth
    low income
    statistics
    income
    industry
    evaluation
    economics

    Cite this

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    title = "An online platform for conducting spatial statistical analyses of national census data across Australia",
    abstract = "In recent years there have been significant advances in online planning and decision support systems that encompass spatial and statistical analysis and visualisation services. In this paper we provide an analysis and evaluation of one particular online spatial-statistical platform, known as the Australian Urban Research Infrastructure Network (AURIN) portal. By adopting the Statistical Data and Metadata Exchange (SMDX) format, more than 500 socio-economic data products can be dynamically searched, browsed, accessed and analysed via the AURIN portal. The significance of this approach is that urban geographers can access both the datasets and statistical analysis tools via the same online Portal and thus in theory, conduct their research more efficiently.In conducting our research we specifically focus on three practical use cases which utilise machine-to-machine access from the AURIN portal to the national census data maintained by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). The first use case involves location quotient analysis in New South Wales to analyse the financial sector. The second use case focuses on understanding economic growth across industry sectors across Queensland using shift-share analysis. The third use case aims to identify spatial autocorrelation between low income and other spatial variables in South Australia. Through this in-depth case study approach we have identified there are some strengths and weaknesses with the AURIN portal. We have demonstrated that the portal can successfully search, interrogate and visualise spatial-statistical data from across Australia. We have also demonstrated that the AURIN portal can successfully conduct simple spatial-statistical analysis all via a single online platform. However, we have also found there remains significant challenges in manipulating and visualising complex multi-dimensional datasets through the portal. Yet these challenges are not considered insurmountable and further research should endeavour to address them. In conclusion, it is important to highlight that online platforms such as the AURIN portal hold significant promise as effective planning and decision support systems which can be used to better shape our cities",
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    An online platform for conducting spatial statistical analyses of national census data across Australia. / Pettit, Christopher; TANTON, Robert; Hunter, Jane.

    In: Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, Vol. 63, 05.2017, p. 68-79.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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