Analysis of GDP Trends and Inequalities in Vietnam’s Provinces and Groups of Provinces

Xuan-Binh Vu, Son Nghiem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Our recent paper (Vu et al., 2016) applied the Phillips and Sul’s method (2007, 2009) and found that the 61 provinces of Vietnam were formed in five convergence sub-groups. This current paper identifies trends and patterns of inequality in provincial GDP per capita of each sub-group of provinces in Vietnam during the period 1990-2011. It also analyses the growth path of each province compared with that of the reference economy [Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC) and the national average]. The results show that there were the downward trends of inequality in GDP per capita of each sub-group. Also, during the period 1990-1994, most provinces diverged from HCMC but during the period 2004-2011, all provinces tended to converge to it. However, there were few poorest provinces, which tend to be located in geographically and economically isolated regions of Vietnam. This paper analyses main characteristics of provinces and key factors affecting the trends and patterns of disparities in GDP per capita of each sub-group. Furthermore, several policy implications are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-186
Number of pages20
JournalAsian Journal of Empirical Research
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes


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