Background: A proportion of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients are dissatisfied postoperatively, particularly with their ability to perform higher-demand activities including deep-kneeling and step-up where kinematic parameters are more demanding. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between knee kinematics of step-up and deep-kneeling and patient-reported outcome measures following TKA. Methods: Sixty-four patients were included at minimum 1-year follow-up. Participants performed a step-up and deep-kneeling task which was imaged via single-plane fluoroscopy. 3-dimensional prosthesis computer-aided design models were registered to the fluoroscopy, yielding in-vivo kinematic data. Associations between kinematics and patient-reported outcome measures, including Oxford Knee Score, American Knee Society Score, surgical satisfaction, and pain were assessed using log-transformed step-wise linear regressions. Results: A higher total Oxford Knee Score was associated with more external rotation and more adduction at maximal flexion during kneeling and more external rotation and minimum flexion during step-up. Improved American Knee Society Score was associated with increased internal-external rotation during step-up. Improved surgical satisfaction was associated with greater maximum flexion and more external rotation at maximal flexion during deep-kneeling and more femoral internal rotation at terminal extension during step-up. An improved pain score was associated with greater maximum flexion and more femoral external rotation during deep-kneeling, as well as greater internal femoral rotation during step-up. Conclusion: The ability to move through full flexion/extension range and end-of-range rotation is important kinematic parameters that influence patient-reported outcome measures. Implant designs and postoperative rehabilitation should continue to focus on achieving these kinematic targets for enhanced outcomes after TKA.