Assessing Poverty and Inequality at a Detailed Regional Level: New Advances in Spatial Microsimulation

Ann Harding, Rachel Lloyd

    Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookChapter


    It has in the past been difficult for Australian policy-makers and researchers to assess the extent of poverty, wealth and income inequality
    at a small-area level. This chapter reports on NATSEM’s (National
    Centre for Social and Economic Modelling) pathbreaking work to
    create synthetic small-area socio-demographic data and construct microsimulation models capable of predicting the regional impact of policy
    change on top of this synthetic base data – hereafter ‘‘spatial microsimulation’’.
    The first section of the chapter describes the main sources of sociodemographic data currently available and the limitations of the data.
    The second section describes spatial microsimulation and introduces
    the major methods of creating synthetic microdata. The spatial microsimulation approach currently being developed by NATSEM, known as
    SYNAGI (Synthetic Australian Geo-demographic Information) is then
    described. The third section describes the policy option modelled, examines estimated national poverty rates in Australia in 2001 and looks at
    the change in poverty due to the policy change simulated. As an illustrative example of the capacities of the new model, the fourth section
    examines the likely regional distributional impact of this possible policy
    change and looks at the poverty profile of one postcode. The final section
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationUnderstanding Human Well-Being
    EditorsMark McGillivray, Matthew Clarke
    Place of PublicationTokyo
    PublisherUnited Nations University Press
    Number of pages23
    ISBN (Print)9789280811308
    Publication statusPublished - 2006


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