Assessing proprioception: A critical review of methods

J. Han, G. Waddington, R. Adams, J. Anson, Yu Liu

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    319 Citations (Scopus)
    145 Downloads (Pure)


    To control movement, the brain has to integrate proprioceptive information from a variety of mechanoreceptors. The role of proprioception in daily activities, exercise, and sports has been extensively investigated, using different techniques, yet the proprioceptive mechanisms underlying human movement control are still unclear. In the current work we have reviewed understanding of proprioception and the three testing methods: threshold to detection of passive motion, joint position reproduction, and active movement extent discrimination, all of which have been used for assessing proprioception. The origin of the methods, the different testing apparatus, and the procedures and protocols used in each approach are compared and discussed. Recommendations are made for choosing an appropriate technique when assessing proprioceptive mechanisms in different contexts
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)80-90
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of Sport and Health Science
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2016


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