Assisted Breeding of Skinks or How to Teach a Lizard Old Tricks!

Frank Molinia, Trent Bell, Grant Norbury, Alison Cree, Dianne Gleeson

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    11 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Reproductive technologies are invaluable tools for understanding how different species reproduce. Contemporary techniques like artificial insemination established long ago in livestock have been used to assist the breeding of threatened species ex situ, even restoring them to nature. Key to successfully adapting these technologies, often to few numbers of endangered animals, is initial testing and development of procedures in a taxonomically related model species. McCann’s Skink (Oligosoma maccanni) is a viviparous lizard that is still relatively abundant and its reproductive cycle in the subalpine area of Macraes Flat in southern New Zealand has recently been described. Assisted breeding techniques are being developed in this skink as a model for threatened lizard species, such as the Grand Skink (Oligosoma grande) and Otago Skink (Oligosoma otagense). Progress on methods to collect, assess and store sperm, and artificial insemination are reported here. These techniques will need refinement to be effectively adapted to threatened lizards but will significantly increase our knowledge of their unique reproductive mechanisms. In the longer term they are expected to improve substantially captive breeding success and will be vital tools to aid genetic management of animals bred for release to restored ecosystems and secure genetic repositories for future restoration needs.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)311-319
    Number of pages9
    JournalHerpetological Conservation and Biology
    Volume5
    Publication statusPublished - 2010

    Fingerprint

    Scincidae
    lizard
    lizards
    breeding
    artificial insemination
    captive breeding
    gene banks
    breeding methods
    animal
    animal husbandry
    reproductive cycle
    threatened species
    repository
    endangered species
    sperm
    reproductive success
    livestock
    methodology
    spermatozoa
    breeds

    Cite this

    Molinia, Frank ; Bell, Trent ; Norbury, Grant ; Cree, Alison ; Gleeson, Dianne. / Assisted Breeding of Skinks or How to Teach a Lizard Old Tricks!. In: Herpetological Conservation and Biology. 2010 ; Vol. 5. pp. 311-319.
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    abstract = "Reproductive technologies are invaluable tools for understanding how different species reproduce. Contemporary techniques like artificial insemination established long ago in livestock have been used to assist the breeding of threatened species ex situ, even restoring them to nature. Key to successfully adapting these technologies, often to few numbers of endangered animals, is initial testing and development of procedures in a taxonomically related model species. McCann’s Skink (Oligosoma maccanni) is a viviparous lizard that is still relatively abundant and its reproductive cycle in the subalpine area of Macraes Flat in southern New Zealand has recently been described. Assisted breeding techniques are being developed in this skink as a model for threatened lizard species, such as the Grand Skink (Oligosoma grande) and Otago Skink (Oligosoma otagense). Progress on methods to collect, assess and store sperm, and artificial insemination are reported here. These techniques will need refinement to be effectively adapted to threatened lizards but will significantly increase our knowledge of their unique reproductive mechanisms. In the longer term they are expected to improve substantially captive breeding success and will be vital tools to aid genetic management of animals bred for release to restored ecosystems and secure genetic repositories for future restoration needs.",
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    Assisted Breeding of Skinks or How to Teach a Lizard Old Tricks! / Molinia, Frank; Bell, Trent; Norbury, Grant; Cree, Alison; Gleeson, Dianne.

    In: Herpetological Conservation and Biology, Vol. 5, 2010, p. 311-319.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    T1 - Assisted Breeding of Skinks or How to Teach a Lizard Old Tricks!

    AU - Molinia, Frank

    AU - Bell, Trent

    AU - Norbury, Grant

    AU - Cree, Alison

    AU - Gleeson, Dianne

    PY - 2010

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    KW - assisted breeding

    KW - conservation

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    KW - skink sperm

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