Association between maternal education and objectively measured physical activity and sedentary time in adolescents

Lauren Sherar, Tom Griffin, Ulf Ekelund, Ashley Cooper, Dale Esliger, Esther Van Sluijs, Lars Andersen, Greet Cardon, Rachel DAVEY, Karsten Froberg, Pedro Hallal, Kathleen F. Janz, Katarzyna Kordas, Susi Kriemler, Russell Pate, Jardena Puder, Luis Sardinha, Anna F Timperio, Angie S. Page

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Abstract

Background Investigating socioeconomic variation in physical activity (PA) and sedentary time is important as it may represent a pathway by which socioeconomic position (SEP) leads to ill health. Findings on the association between children's SEP and objectively assessed PA and/or sedentary time are mixed, and few studies have included international samples. Objective Examine the associations between maternal education and adolescent's objectively assessed PA and sedentary time. Methods This is an observational study of 12 770 adolescents (10–18 years) pooled from 10 studies from Europe, Australia, Brazil and the USA. Original PA data were collected between 1997 and 2009. The associations between maternal education and accelerometer variables were examined using robust multivariable regression, adjusted for a priori confounders (ie, body mass index, monitor wear time, season, age and sex) and regression coefficients combined across studies using random effects meta-analyses. Analyses were conducted in March 2014. Results Adolescents of university educated mothers spent more time sedentary (9.5 min/day, p=0.005) and less time in light activity (10 min/day, p<0.001) compared with adolescents of high school educated mothers. Pooled analysis across two studies from Brazil and Portugal (analysed separately because of the different coding of maternal education) showed that children of higher educated mothers (tertiary vs primary/secondary) spent less time in moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) (6.6 min/day, p=0.001) and in light PA (39.2 min/day: p<0.001), and more time sedentary (45.9 min/day, p<0.001). Conclusions Across a number of international samples, adolescents of mothers with lower education may not be at a disadvantage in terms of overall objectively measured PA
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)541-548
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Epidemiology Community Health
Volume70
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016

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Mothers
Exercise
Education
Brazil
Light
Portugal
Observational Studies
Meta-Analysis
Body Mass Index
Health

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Sherar, Lauren ; Griffin, Tom ; Ekelund, Ulf ; Cooper, Ashley ; Esliger, Dale ; Van Sluijs, Esther ; Andersen, Lars ; Cardon, Greet ; DAVEY, Rachel ; Froberg, Karsten ; Hallal, Pedro ; Janz, Kathleen F. ; Kordas, Katarzyna ; Kriemler, Susi ; Pate, Russell ; Puder, Jardena ; Sardinha, Luis ; Timperio, Anna F ; Page, Angie S. / Association between maternal education and objectively measured physical activity and sedentary time in adolescents. In: Journal of Epidemiology Community Health. 2016 ; Vol. 70, No. 6. pp. 541-548.
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title = "Association between maternal education and objectively measured physical activity and sedentary time in adolescents",
abstract = "Background Investigating socioeconomic variation in physical activity (PA) and sedentary time is important as it may represent a pathway by which socioeconomic position (SEP) leads to ill health. Findings on the association between children's SEP and objectively assessed PA and/or sedentary time are mixed, and few studies have included international samples. Objective Examine the associations between maternal education and adolescent's objectively assessed PA and sedentary time. Methods This is an observational study of 12 770 adolescents (10–18 years) pooled from 10 studies from Europe, Australia, Brazil and the USA. Original PA data were collected between 1997 and 2009. The associations between maternal education and accelerometer variables were examined using robust multivariable regression, adjusted for a priori confounders (ie, body mass index, monitor wear time, season, age and sex) and regression coefficients combined across studies using random effects meta-analyses. Analyses were conducted in March 2014. Results Adolescents of university educated mothers spent more time sedentary (9.5 min/day, p=0.005) and less time in light activity (10 min/day, p<0.001) compared with adolescents of high school educated mothers. Pooled analysis across two studies from Brazil and Portugal (analysed separately because of the different coding of maternal education) showed that children of higher educated mothers (tertiary vs primary/secondary) spent less time in moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) (6.6 min/day, p=0.001) and in light PA (39.2 min/day: p<0.001), and more time sedentary (45.9 min/day, p<0.001). Conclusions Across a number of international samples, adolescents of mothers with lower education may not be at a disadvantage in terms of overall objectively measured PA",
keywords = "Accelerometry, Adolescent, Australia, Brazil, Child, Cross-Sectional Studies, Educational Status, Europe, Exercise, Female, Humans, Male, Mothers, Motor Activity, Multivariate Analysis, Regression Analysis, Sedentary Behavior, United States",
author = "Lauren Sherar and Tom Griffin and Ulf Ekelund and Ashley Cooper and Dale Esliger and {Van Sluijs}, Esther and Lars Andersen and Greet Cardon and Rachel DAVEY and Karsten Froberg and Pedro Hallal and Janz, {Kathleen F.} and Katarzyna Kordas and Susi Kriemler and Russell Pate and Jardena Puder and Luis Sardinha and Timperio, {Anna F} and Page, {Angie S.}",
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Sherar, L, Griffin, T, Ekelund, U, Cooper, A, Esliger, D, Van Sluijs, E, Andersen, L, Cardon, G, DAVEY, R, Froberg, K, Hallal, P, Janz, KF, Kordas, K, Kriemler, S, Pate, R, Puder, J, Sardinha, L, Timperio, AF & Page, AS 2016, 'Association between maternal education and objectively measured physical activity and sedentary time in adolescents', Journal of Epidemiology Community Health, vol. 70, no. 6, pp. 541-548. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2015-205763

Association between maternal education and objectively measured physical activity and sedentary time in adolescents. / Sherar, Lauren; Griffin, Tom; Ekelund, Ulf; Cooper, Ashley; Esliger, Dale; Van Sluijs, Esther; Andersen, Lars; Cardon, Greet; DAVEY, Rachel; Froberg, Karsten; Hallal, Pedro; Janz, Kathleen F.; Kordas, Katarzyna; Kriemler, Susi; Pate, Russell; Puder, Jardena; Sardinha, Luis; Timperio, Anna F ; Page, Angie S.

In: Journal of Epidemiology Community Health, Vol. 70, No. 6, 01.06.2016, p. 541-548.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Association between maternal education and objectively measured physical activity and sedentary time in adolescents

AU - Sherar, Lauren

AU - Griffin, Tom

AU - Ekelund, Ulf

AU - Cooper, Ashley

AU - Esliger, Dale

AU - Van Sluijs, Esther

AU - Andersen, Lars

AU - Cardon, Greet

AU - DAVEY, Rachel

AU - Froberg, Karsten

AU - Hallal, Pedro

AU - Janz, Kathleen F.

AU - Kordas, Katarzyna

AU - Kriemler, Susi

AU - Pate, Russell

AU - Puder, Jardena

AU - Sardinha, Luis

AU - Timperio, Anna F

AU - Page, Angie S.

PY - 2016/6/1

Y1 - 2016/6/1

N2 - Background Investigating socioeconomic variation in physical activity (PA) and sedentary time is important as it may represent a pathway by which socioeconomic position (SEP) leads to ill health. Findings on the association between children's SEP and objectively assessed PA and/or sedentary time are mixed, and few studies have included international samples. Objective Examine the associations between maternal education and adolescent's objectively assessed PA and sedentary time. Methods This is an observational study of 12 770 adolescents (10–18 years) pooled from 10 studies from Europe, Australia, Brazil and the USA. Original PA data were collected between 1997 and 2009. The associations between maternal education and accelerometer variables were examined using robust multivariable regression, adjusted for a priori confounders (ie, body mass index, monitor wear time, season, age and sex) and regression coefficients combined across studies using random effects meta-analyses. Analyses were conducted in March 2014. Results Adolescents of university educated mothers spent more time sedentary (9.5 min/day, p=0.005) and less time in light activity (10 min/day, p<0.001) compared with adolescents of high school educated mothers. Pooled analysis across two studies from Brazil and Portugal (analysed separately because of the different coding of maternal education) showed that children of higher educated mothers (tertiary vs primary/secondary) spent less time in moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) (6.6 min/day, p=0.001) and in light PA (39.2 min/day: p<0.001), and more time sedentary (45.9 min/day, p<0.001). Conclusions Across a number of international samples, adolescents of mothers with lower education may not be at a disadvantage in terms of overall objectively measured PA

AB - Background Investigating socioeconomic variation in physical activity (PA) and sedentary time is important as it may represent a pathway by which socioeconomic position (SEP) leads to ill health. Findings on the association between children's SEP and objectively assessed PA and/or sedentary time are mixed, and few studies have included international samples. Objective Examine the associations between maternal education and adolescent's objectively assessed PA and sedentary time. Methods This is an observational study of 12 770 adolescents (10–18 years) pooled from 10 studies from Europe, Australia, Brazil and the USA. Original PA data were collected between 1997 and 2009. The associations between maternal education and accelerometer variables were examined using robust multivariable regression, adjusted for a priori confounders (ie, body mass index, monitor wear time, season, age and sex) and regression coefficients combined across studies using random effects meta-analyses. Analyses were conducted in March 2014. Results Adolescents of university educated mothers spent more time sedentary (9.5 min/day, p=0.005) and less time in light activity (10 min/day, p<0.001) compared with adolescents of high school educated mothers. Pooled analysis across two studies from Brazil and Portugal (analysed separately because of the different coding of maternal education) showed that children of higher educated mothers (tertiary vs primary/secondary) spent less time in moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) (6.6 min/day, p=0.001) and in light PA (39.2 min/day: p<0.001), and more time sedentary (45.9 min/day, p<0.001). Conclusions Across a number of international samples, adolescents of mothers with lower education may not be at a disadvantage in terms of overall objectively measured PA

KW - Accelerometry

KW - Adolescent

KW - Australia

KW - Brazil

KW - Child

KW - Cross-Sectional Studies

KW - Educational Status

KW - Europe

KW - Exercise

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Mothers

KW - Motor Activity

KW - Multivariate Analysis

KW - Regression Analysis

KW - Sedentary Behavior

KW - United States

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U2 - 10.1136/jech-2015-205763

DO - 10.1136/jech-2015-205763

M3 - Article

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SP - 541

EP - 548

JO - Journal of Epidemiology Community Health

JF - Journal of Epidemiology Community Health

SN - 0143-005X

IS - 6

ER -