Association of FK506 binding proteins with RyR channels - effect of CLIC2 binding on sub-conductance opening and FKBP binding

Spencer J. Richardson, Gregory A. Steele, Esther M. Gallant, Alexander Lam, Charles E. Schwartz, Philip G. Board, Marco G. Casarotto, Nicole A. Beard, Angela F. Dulhunty

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    Abstract

    Ryanodine receptor (RyR)Ca2+ channels are central to striatedmuscle function and influence signalling in neurons and other cell types. Beneficially low RyR activity and maximum conductance opening may be stabilised when RyRs bind to FK506 binding proteins (FKBPs) and destabilised by FKBP dissociation, with submaximal opening during RyR hyperactivity associated withmyopathies and neurological disorders. However, the correlation with submaximal opening is debated and quantitative evidence is lacking. Here, we have measured altered FKBP binding to RyRs and submaximal activity with addition of wild-type (WT) CLIC2, an inhibitory RyR ligand, or its H101Q mutant that hyperactivates RyRs, which probably causes cardiac and intellectual abnormalities. The proportion of subconductance opening increases with WT and H101Q CLIC2 and is correlated with reduced FKBP-RyR association. The sub-conductance opening reducesRyRcurrents in the presence ofWTCLIC2. In contrast, sub-conductance openings contribute to excess RyR 'leak' with H101Q CLIC2. There are significant FKBP and RyR isoform-specific actions of CLIC2, rapamycin and FK506 on FKBP-RyR association. The results show that FKBPs do influence RyR gating and would contribute to excess Ca2+ release in this CLIC2 RyR channelopathy.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3588-3600
    Number of pages13
    JournalJournal of Cell Science
    Volume130
    Issue number20
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

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    Richardson, S. J., Steele, G. A., Gallant, E. M., Lam, A., Schwartz, C. E., Board, P. G., ... Dulhunty, A. F. (2017). Association of FK506 binding proteins with RyR channels - effect of CLIC2 binding on sub-conductance opening and FKBP binding. Journal of Cell Science, 130(20), 3588-3600. https://doi.org/10.1242/jcs.204461