Associations of supermarket characteristics with weight status and body fat

A multilevel analysis of individuals within supermarkets (record study)

Basile Chaix, Kathy Bean, Mark DANIEL, Shannon Zenk, Yan Kestens, Hélène Charreire, Cinira Leal, Frédérique Thomas, Noëlla Karusisi, Christiane Weber, Jean-Michel Oppert, Chantal Simon, Juan Merlo, Bruno Pannier

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Previous research on the influence of the food environment on weight status has often used impersonal measures of the food environment defined for residential neighborhoods, which ignore whether people actually use the food outlets near their residence. To assess whether supermarkets are relevant contexts for interventions, the present study explored between-residential neighborhood and between-supermarket variations in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC), and investigated associations between brands and characteristics of supermarkets and BMI or WC, after adjustment for individual and residential neighborhood characteristics. Methods: Participants in the RECORD Cohort Study (Paris Region, France, 2007–2008) were surveyed on the supermarket (brand and exact location) where they conducted their food shopping. Overall, 7 131 participants shopped in 1 097 different supermarkets. Cross-classified multilevel linear models were estimated for BMI and WC. Results: Just 11.4% of participants shopped for food primarily within their residential neighborhood. After accounting for participants' residential neighborhood, people shopping in the same supermarket had a more comparable BMI and WC than participants shopping in different supermarkets. After adjustment for individual and residential neighborhood characteristics, participants shopping in specific supermarket brands, in hard discount supermarkets (especially if they had a low education), and in supermarkets whose catchment area comprised low educated residents had a higher BMI/WC. Conclusion: A public health strategy to reduce excess weight may be to intervene on specific supermarkets to change food purchasing behavior, as supermarkets are where dietary preferences are materialized into definite purchased foods
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalPLoS One
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

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Multilevel Analysis
supermarkets
body fat
Adipose Tissue
Waist Circumference
Fats
Weights and Measures
Food
residential areas
Body Mass Index
waist circumference
body mass index
food purchasing
Paris
Public health
Purchasing
Catchments
France
Linear Models
Cohort Studies

Cite this

Chaix, Basile ; Bean, Kathy ; DANIEL, Mark ; Zenk, Shannon ; Kestens, Yan ; Charreire, Hélène ; Leal, Cinira ; Thomas, Frédérique ; Karusisi, Noëlla ; Weber, Christiane ; Oppert, Jean-Michel ; Simon, Chantal ; Merlo, Juan ; Pannier, Bruno. / Associations of supermarket characteristics with weight status and body fat : A multilevel analysis of individuals within supermarkets (record study). In: PLoS One. 2012 ; Vol. 7, No. 4. pp. 1-10.
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title = "Associations of supermarket characteristics with weight status and body fat: A multilevel analysis of individuals within supermarkets (record study)",
abstract = "Purpose: Previous research on the influence of the food environment on weight status has often used impersonal measures of the food environment defined for residential neighborhoods, which ignore whether people actually use the food outlets near their residence. To assess whether supermarkets are relevant contexts for interventions, the present study explored between-residential neighborhood and between-supermarket variations in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC), and investigated associations between brands and characteristics of supermarkets and BMI or WC, after adjustment for individual and residential neighborhood characteristics. Methods: Participants in the RECORD Cohort Study (Paris Region, France, 2007–2008) were surveyed on the supermarket (brand and exact location) where they conducted their food shopping. Overall, 7 131 participants shopped in 1 097 different supermarkets. Cross-classified multilevel linear models were estimated for BMI and WC. Results: Just 11.4{\%} of participants shopped for food primarily within their residential neighborhood. After accounting for participants' residential neighborhood, people shopping in the same supermarket had a more comparable BMI and WC than participants shopping in different supermarkets. After adjustment for individual and residential neighborhood characteristics, participants shopping in specific supermarket brands, in hard discount supermarkets (especially if they had a low education), and in supermarkets whose catchment area comprised low educated residents had a higher BMI/WC. Conclusion: A public health strategy to reduce excess weight may be to intervene on specific supermarkets to change food purchasing behavior, as supermarkets are where dietary preferences are materialized into definite purchased foods",
author = "Basile Chaix and Kathy Bean and Mark DANIEL and Shannon Zenk and Yan Kestens and H{\'e}l{\`e}ne Charreire and Cinira Leal and Fr{\'e}d{\'e}rique Thomas and No{\"e}lla Karusisi and Christiane Weber and Jean-Michel Oppert and Chantal Simon and Juan Merlo and Bruno Pannier",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0032908",
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Chaix, B, Bean, K, DANIEL, M, Zenk, S, Kestens, Y, Charreire, H, Leal, C, Thomas, F, Karusisi, N, Weber, C, Oppert, J-M, Simon, C, Merlo, J & Pannier, B 2012, 'Associations of supermarket characteristics with weight status and body fat: A multilevel analysis of individuals within supermarkets (record study)', PLoS One, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0032908

Associations of supermarket characteristics with weight status and body fat : A multilevel analysis of individuals within supermarkets (record study). / Chaix, Basile; Bean, Kathy; DANIEL, Mark; Zenk, Shannon; Kestens, Yan; Charreire, Hélène; Leal, Cinira; Thomas, Frédérique; Karusisi, Noëlla; Weber, Christiane; Oppert, Jean-Michel; Simon, Chantal; Merlo, Juan; Pannier, Bruno.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 7, No. 4, 2012, p. 1-10.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Associations of supermarket characteristics with weight status and body fat

T2 - A multilevel analysis of individuals within supermarkets (record study)

AU - Chaix, Basile

AU - Bean, Kathy

AU - DANIEL, Mark

AU - Zenk, Shannon

AU - Kestens, Yan

AU - Charreire, Hélène

AU - Leal, Cinira

AU - Thomas, Frédérique

AU - Karusisi, Noëlla

AU - Weber, Christiane

AU - Oppert, Jean-Michel

AU - Simon, Chantal

AU - Merlo, Juan

AU - Pannier, Bruno

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Purpose: Previous research on the influence of the food environment on weight status has often used impersonal measures of the food environment defined for residential neighborhoods, which ignore whether people actually use the food outlets near their residence. To assess whether supermarkets are relevant contexts for interventions, the present study explored between-residential neighborhood and between-supermarket variations in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC), and investigated associations between brands and characteristics of supermarkets and BMI or WC, after adjustment for individual and residential neighborhood characteristics. Methods: Participants in the RECORD Cohort Study (Paris Region, France, 2007–2008) were surveyed on the supermarket (brand and exact location) where they conducted their food shopping. Overall, 7 131 participants shopped in 1 097 different supermarkets. Cross-classified multilevel linear models were estimated for BMI and WC. Results: Just 11.4% of participants shopped for food primarily within their residential neighborhood. After accounting for participants' residential neighborhood, people shopping in the same supermarket had a more comparable BMI and WC than participants shopping in different supermarkets. After adjustment for individual and residential neighborhood characteristics, participants shopping in specific supermarket brands, in hard discount supermarkets (especially if they had a low education), and in supermarkets whose catchment area comprised low educated residents had a higher BMI/WC. Conclusion: A public health strategy to reduce excess weight may be to intervene on specific supermarkets to change food purchasing behavior, as supermarkets are where dietary preferences are materialized into definite purchased foods

AB - Purpose: Previous research on the influence of the food environment on weight status has often used impersonal measures of the food environment defined for residential neighborhoods, which ignore whether people actually use the food outlets near their residence. To assess whether supermarkets are relevant contexts for interventions, the present study explored between-residential neighborhood and between-supermarket variations in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC), and investigated associations between brands and characteristics of supermarkets and BMI or WC, after adjustment for individual and residential neighborhood characteristics. Methods: Participants in the RECORD Cohort Study (Paris Region, France, 2007–2008) were surveyed on the supermarket (brand and exact location) where they conducted their food shopping. Overall, 7 131 participants shopped in 1 097 different supermarkets. Cross-classified multilevel linear models were estimated for BMI and WC. Results: Just 11.4% of participants shopped for food primarily within their residential neighborhood. After accounting for participants' residential neighborhood, people shopping in the same supermarket had a more comparable BMI and WC than participants shopping in different supermarkets. After adjustment for individual and residential neighborhood characteristics, participants shopping in specific supermarket brands, in hard discount supermarkets (especially if they had a low education), and in supermarkets whose catchment area comprised low educated residents had a higher BMI/WC. Conclusion: A public health strategy to reduce excess weight may be to intervene on specific supermarkets to change food purchasing behavior, as supermarkets are where dietary preferences are materialized into definite purchased foods

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0032908

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0032908

M3 - Review article

VL - 7

SP - 1

EP - 10

JO - PLoS One

JF - PLoS One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 4

ER -