Athletic ability assessment; A movement assessment protocol for athletes

Ian McKeown, Kristie Taylor, Carl Woods, Nick BALL

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Background/Purpose: Movement ability is an often-overlooked component of sports science and sports medicine research and needs to be considered alongside the appraisal of physical fitness and performance characteristics. To achieve this, a standardised assessment tool is required. The purpose of this paper is to introduce a new method for assessing movement ability and present results for intra- and inter-rater reliability. Methods: National level female football players (n=17) were assessed using a novel movement assessment tool, the Athletic Ability Assessment (AAA). Athletes were assessed according to the scoring criteria by the primary researcher in real-time and via video on two separate occasions to estimate intra-tester reliability. Inter-tester reliability was estimated using the difference between five other testers' video-based scores. Results: The intra-tester minimal detectable change (MDC) for the composite AAA score was 2.9 points (90% confidence limits; 2.3 – 4.2 points) (2.5%; 2.0 – 3.6%) with an intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) of 0.97 (0.92 – 0.99). Inter-tester MDC for the composite AAA score was 2.8 points (2.5 – 3.3 points) (2.4%; 2.1 – 2.8%) with an ICC 0.96 (0.94 – 0.98) Individual exercise scores for the intra- and inter-tester show a similar range MDC of between 0.4 – 1.1 points and kappa statistic level of agreement between 0.32 -0.77. Conclusions: Results of the reliability analysis suggest high levels of agreement between scorers for total scores and provide reference values for minimal detectable changes using the AAA. The aim of the AAA is to become a reliable movement assessment protocol that addresses specific sporting populations. The reliability of AAA scoring established in this study is the first step in supporting the utilization of the AAA in future research.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)862-873
    Number of pages12
    JournalInternational Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
    Volume9
    Issue number7
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

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    Athletes
    Sports
    Sports Medicine
    Physical Fitness
    Football
    Reproducibility of Results
    Reference Values
    Research Personnel
    Exercise
    Research
    Population

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    McKeown, Ian ; Taylor, Kristie ; Woods, Carl ; BALL, Nick. / Athletic ability assessment; A movement assessment protocol for athletes. In: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy. 2014 ; Vol. 9, No. 7. pp. 862-873.
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    abstract = "Background/Purpose: Movement ability is an often-overlooked component of sports science and sports medicine research and needs to be considered alongside the appraisal of physical fitness and performance characteristics. To achieve this, a standardised assessment tool is required. The purpose of this paper is to introduce a new method for assessing movement ability and present results for intra- and inter-rater reliability. Methods: National level female football players (n=17) were assessed using a novel movement assessment tool, the Athletic Ability Assessment (AAA). Athletes were assessed according to the scoring criteria by the primary researcher in real-time and via video on two separate occasions to estimate intra-tester reliability. Inter-tester reliability was estimated using the difference between five other testers' video-based scores. Results: The intra-tester minimal detectable change (MDC) for the composite AAA score was 2.9 points (90{\%} confidence limits; 2.3 – 4.2 points) (2.5{\%}; 2.0 – 3.6{\%}) with an intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) of 0.97 (0.92 – 0.99). Inter-tester MDC for the composite AAA score was 2.8 points (2.5 – 3.3 points) (2.4{\%}; 2.1 – 2.8{\%}) with an ICC 0.96 (0.94 – 0.98) Individual exercise scores for the intra- and inter-tester show a similar range MDC of between 0.4 – 1.1 points and kappa statistic level of agreement between 0.32 -0.77. Conclusions: Results of the reliability analysis suggest high levels of agreement between scorers for total scores and provide reference values for minimal detectable changes using the AAA. The aim of the AAA is to become a reliable movement assessment protocol that addresses specific sporting populations. The reliability of AAA scoring established in this study is the first step in supporting the utilization of the AAA in future research.",
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    Athletic ability assessment; A movement assessment protocol for athletes. / McKeown, Ian; Taylor, Kristie; Woods, Carl; BALL, Nick.

    In: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy, Vol. 9, No. 7, 2014, p. 862-873.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Athletic ability assessment; A movement assessment protocol for athletes

    AU - McKeown, Ian

    AU - Taylor, Kristie

    AU - Woods, Carl

    AU - BALL, Nick

    PY - 2014

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    N2 - Background/Purpose: Movement ability is an often-overlooked component of sports science and sports medicine research and needs to be considered alongside the appraisal of physical fitness and performance characteristics. To achieve this, a standardised assessment tool is required. The purpose of this paper is to introduce a new method for assessing movement ability and present results for intra- and inter-rater reliability. Methods: National level female football players (n=17) were assessed using a novel movement assessment tool, the Athletic Ability Assessment (AAA). Athletes were assessed according to the scoring criteria by the primary researcher in real-time and via video on two separate occasions to estimate intra-tester reliability. Inter-tester reliability was estimated using the difference between five other testers' video-based scores. Results: The intra-tester minimal detectable change (MDC) for the composite AAA score was 2.9 points (90% confidence limits; 2.3 – 4.2 points) (2.5%; 2.0 – 3.6%) with an intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) of 0.97 (0.92 – 0.99). Inter-tester MDC for the composite AAA score was 2.8 points (2.5 – 3.3 points) (2.4%; 2.1 – 2.8%) with an ICC 0.96 (0.94 – 0.98) Individual exercise scores for the intra- and inter-tester show a similar range MDC of between 0.4 – 1.1 points and kappa statistic level of agreement between 0.32 -0.77. Conclusions: Results of the reliability analysis suggest high levels of agreement between scorers for total scores and provide reference values for minimal detectable changes using the AAA. The aim of the AAA is to become a reliable movement assessment protocol that addresses specific sporting populations. The reliability of AAA scoring established in this study is the first step in supporting the utilization of the AAA in future research.

    AB - Background/Purpose: Movement ability is an often-overlooked component of sports science and sports medicine research and needs to be considered alongside the appraisal of physical fitness and performance characteristics. To achieve this, a standardised assessment tool is required. The purpose of this paper is to introduce a new method for assessing movement ability and present results for intra- and inter-rater reliability. Methods: National level female football players (n=17) were assessed using a novel movement assessment tool, the Athletic Ability Assessment (AAA). Athletes were assessed according to the scoring criteria by the primary researcher in real-time and via video on two separate occasions to estimate intra-tester reliability. Inter-tester reliability was estimated using the difference between five other testers' video-based scores. Results: The intra-tester minimal detectable change (MDC) for the composite AAA score was 2.9 points (90% confidence limits; 2.3 – 4.2 points) (2.5%; 2.0 – 3.6%) with an intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) of 0.97 (0.92 – 0.99). Inter-tester MDC for the composite AAA score was 2.8 points (2.5 – 3.3 points) (2.4%; 2.1 – 2.8%) with an ICC 0.96 (0.94 – 0.98) Individual exercise scores for the intra- and inter-tester show a similar range MDC of between 0.4 – 1.1 points and kappa statistic level of agreement between 0.32 -0.77. Conclusions: Results of the reliability analysis suggest high levels of agreement between scorers for total scores and provide reference values for minimal detectable changes using the AAA. The aim of the AAA is to become a reliable movement assessment protocol that addresses specific sporting populations. The reliability of AAA scoring established in this study is the first step in supporting the utilization of the AAA in future research.

    KW - Functional movement

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    KW - screening

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    SP - 862

    EP - 873

    JO - International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy

    JF - International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy

    SN - 2159-2896

    IS - 7

    ER -