Be Happy: The Role of Resilience Between Characteristic Affect and Symptoms of Depression

Jennifer M.I. Loh, Nicola S. Schutte, Einar B. Thorsteinsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Characteristic affect may influence the development of resilience. Higher levels of resilience may in turn decrease the likelihood of individuals developing symptoms of depression. All first year psychology students (N = 217) were recruited in this longitudinal study to examine whether resilience mediates the relationship between characteristic affect and symptoms of depression. One hundred and seven students completed survey measures at the start of a semester and again 3 months later. Results indicated that greater negative affect predicted worsening of depressive symptoms over 3 months, while greater positive affect predicted a lessening of depressive symptoms over 3 months. Resilience fully mediated the effects of positive affect on change in depression and partly mediated the effects of negative affect on change in depression. These results are interpreted in the context of a hierarchical model of affect and the Broaden and Build Theory, which may explain how resilience arises from positive affect and mediates between affect and symptoms of depression over time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1125-1138
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Happiness Studies
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

resilience
psychology student
first-year student
semester
longitudinal study
student

Cite this

Loh, Jennifer M.I. ; Schutte, Nicola S. ; Thorsteinsson, Einar B. / Be Happy: The Role of Resilience Between Characteristic Affect and Symptoms of Depression. In: Journal of Happiness Studies. 2014 ; Vol. 15, No. 5. pp. 1125-1138.
@article{73242b5c42844a84bca8c2a3039d9b69,
title = "Be Happy: The Role of Resilience Between Characteristic Affect and Symptoms of Depression",
abstract = "Characteristic affect may influence the development of resilience. Higher levels of resilience may in turn decrease the likelihood of individuals developing symptoms of depression. All first year psychology students (N = 217) were recruited in this longitudinal study to examine whether resilience mediates the relationship between characteristic affect and symptoms of depression. One hundred and seven students completed survey measures at the start of a semester and again 3 months later. Results indicated that greater negative affect predicted worsening of depressive symptoms over 3 months, while greater positive affect predicted a lessening of depressive symptoms over 3 months. Resilience fully mediated the effects of positive affect on change in depression and partly mediated the effects of negative affect on change in depression. These results are interpreted in the context of a hierarchical model of affect and the Broaden and Build Theory, which may explain how resilience arises from positive affect and mediates between affect and symptoms of depression over time.",
keywords = "Affect, Resilience, Depression, Longitudinal study",
author = "Loh, {Jennifer M.I.} and Schutte, {Nicola S.} and Thorsteinsson, {Einar B.}",
year = "2014",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10902-013-9467-2",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
pages = "1125--1138",
journal = "Journal of Happiness Studies",
issn = "1389-4978",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "5",

}

Be Happy: The Role of Resilience Between Characteristic Affect and Symptoms of Depression. / Loh, Jennifer M.I.; Schutte, Nicola S.; Thorsteinsson, Einar B.

In: Journal of Happiness Studies, Vol. 15, No. 5, 01.10.2014, p. 1125-1138.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Be Happy: The Role of Resilience Between Characteristic Affect and Symptoms of Depression

AU - Loh, Jennifer M.I.

AU - Schutte, Nicola S.

AU - Thorsteinsson, Einar B.

PY - 2014/10/1

Y1 - 2014/10/1

N2 - Characteristic affect may influence the development of resilience. Higher levels of resilience may in turn decrease the likelihood of individuals developing symptoms of depression. All first year psychology students (N = 217) were recruited in this longitudinal study to examine whether resilience mediates the relationship between characteristic affect and symptoms of depression. One hundred and seven students completed survey measures at the start of a semester and again 3 months later. Results indicated that greater negative affect predicted worsening of depressive symptoms over 3 months, while greater positive affect predicted a lessening of depressive symptoms over 3 months. Resilience fully mediated the effects of positive affect on change in depression and partly mediated the effects of negative affect on change in depression. These results are interpreted in the context of a hierarchical model of affect and the Broaden and Build Theory, which may explain how resilience arises from positive affect and mediates between affect and symptoms of depression over time.

AB - Characteristic affect may influence the development of resilience. Higher levels of resilience may in turn decrease the likelihood of individuals developing symptoms of depression. All first year psychology students (N = 217) were recruited in this longitudinal study to examine whether resilience mediates the relationship between characteristic affect and symptoms of depression. One hundred and seven students completed survey measures at the start of a semester and again 3 months later. Results indicated that greater negative affect predicted worsening of depressive symptoms over 3 months, while greater positive affect predicted a lessening of depressive symptoms over 3 months. Resilience fully mediated the effects of positive affect on change in depression and partly mediated the effects of negative affect on change in depression. These results are interpreted in the context of a hierarchical model of affect and the Broaden and Build Theory, which may explain how resilience arises from positive affect and mediates between affect and symptoms of depression over time.

KW - Affect

KW - Resilience

KW - Depression

KW - Longitudinal study

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84881350958&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10902-013-9467-2

DO - 10.1007/s10902-013-9467-2

M3 - Article

VL - 15

SP - 1125

EP - 1138

JO - Journal of Happiness Studies

JF - Journal of Happiness Studies

SN - 1389-4978

IS - 5

ER -