Below-repiacement fertility in Tropical Africa? Some evidence from Addis Ababa

Yohannes KINFU

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In the past few years there has been a gradual but progressive shift away from the long held scepticism about the prospect of reproductive change in Tropical Africa. Consequendy, the question is now not so much whether Tropical Africa remains a spectator of fertility transition, but whether and how soon fertility in the region will decline to level attained in other parts of the world. Using data from a series of censuses and surveys conducted in Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia, a country which itself has high fertility, this study explores emerging evidence of fertility levels below two children per woman in an African city. Postponement of marriage and increased incidence of non-marriage, as well as a decline in marital fertility recorded across all birth orders and all age group, are the routes by which the observed transition to below-replacement fertility has been achieved. The paper outlines some tentative institutional and cultural factors that may have contributed to these changes
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-82
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Population Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - May 2000
Externally publishedYes


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