Beneficial Effects and Potential Mechanisms of Tai Chi on Lower Limb Osteoarthritis: A Biopsychosocial Perspective

Shu zhao Zhuang, Pei jie Chen, Jia Han, Wei hua Xiao

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lower limb osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic, multifactorial disease characterized by impaired physical function, chronic pain, compromised psychological health and decreased social functioning. Chronic inflammation plays a critical role in the pathophysiology of OA. Tai Chi is a type of classical mind-body exercise derived from ancient Chinese martial arts. Evidence supports that Tai Chi has significant benefits for relieving lower limb OA symptoms. Using a biopsychosocial framework, this review aims to elucidate the beneficial effects of Tai Chi in lower limb OA and disentangle its potential mechanisms from the perspective of biology, psychology, and social factors. Complex biomechanical, biochemical, neurological, psychological, and social mechanisms, including strengthening of muscles, proprioception improvement, joint mechanical stress reduction, change of brain activation and sensitization, attenuation of inflammation, emotion modulation and social support, are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)368-376
Number of pages9
JournalChinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Volume29
Issue number4
Early online date2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023
Externally publishedYes

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