Beyond a “Threat Multiplier”: Exploring Links Between Climate Change and Security

Farah Hegazi, Elise Remling, Kyungmee Kim, Simone Bunse

Research output: Contribution to Newspaper/Magazine/BulletinArticle


Ever since the CNA’s Military Advisory Board—composed of former U.S. military personnel—named climate change as a “threat multiplier” in a 2007 report, the term has gained widespread currency both in environmental and national security circles. It also has propelled the need to assess and address climate-related security risks higher up overall policy agendas.

The idea implicit in the term “threat multiplier” is straightforward: climate change can exacerbate security threats. Yet this formulation puts the emphasis squarely on climate change, rather than exploring the complex social, economic and political conditions—as well as a variety of indirect pathways—that come into confluence to determine whether (and how) the impacts of climate change affect security.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages4
Specialist publicationNew Security Beat - the blog of the Environmental Change and Security Program
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jul 2022
Externally publishedYes


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