Urban sustainability research, despite rapid growth in research activity in recent years, still lacks integrative conceptual and methodological approaches that account for the full spectrum of urban processes and variables that determine human and ecosystem health and natural resource use. Once developed, such approaches would allow assessment of cities and urban policy and planning options in terms of the extent to which they satisfy the biologically determined health needs of people and maintain the integrity of the ecosystems on which cities depend. Integrated analysis and assessment of cities with regard to human health, ecosystem integrity and resource use would build on evolutionary and historical perspectives, and assist in understanding current environmental and health impacts of urbanism and options for the future.
Schandl, H., Boyden, S., Capon, A., & Hosking, K. (2012). 'Biosensitive' cities-a conceptual framework for integrative understanding of the health of people and planetary ecosystems. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 4(4), 378-384. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2012.08.007