Blood Biomarkers for Triaging Patients for Suspected Stroke: Every Minute Counts

Radhika Kiritsinh Jadav, Reza Mortazavi, Kwang Choon Yee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Early stroke diagnosis remains a big challenge in healthcare partly due to the lack of reliable diagnostic blood biomarkers, which in turn leads to increased rates of mortality and disability. Current screening methods are optimised to identify patients with a high risk of cardio-vascular disease, especially among the elderly. However, in young adults and children, these methods suffer low sensitivity and specificity and contribute to further delays in their triage and diagnosis. Accordingly, there is an urgent need to develop reliable blood biomarkers for triaging patients suspected of stroke in all age groups, especially children and young adults. This review explores some of the existing blood biomarkers, as single biomarkers or biomarker panels, and examines their sensitivity and specificity for predicting stroke. A review was performed on PubMed and Web of Science for journal articles published in English during the period 2001 to 2021, which contained information regarding biomarkers of stroke. In this review article, we provide comparative information on the availability, clinical usefulness, and time-window periods of seven single blood biomarkers and five biomarker panels that have been used for predicting stroke in emergency situations. The outcomes of this review can be used in future research for developing more effective stroke biomarkers.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4243
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume11
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jul 2022

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