Bone mineral density and adipose tissue distribution in Young women: Relationship to smoking status

M. Daniel, A. D. Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Interrelationships between anthropometric variables and bone mineral density (BMD) may allow simple and inexpensive identification of those at risk for low bone density and osteoporosis. Risk appraisal is particularly important in young women, as lifestyle modifications may slow the rate of bone loss through adulthood and decrease the risk of osteoporosis later in life. Though weight, height and body mass index are frequently assessed in relation to bone, adipose tissue distribution has rarely been considered. Smoking is associated with low bone density and abdominally localized adipose tissue. The relationship between smoking, adipose tissue distribution and BMD in women has not been examined. Regional and whole-body BMD were assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and adipose tissue distribution using the anthropometric indicator, waist-to-hip girth ratio (WHR), in 52 women (25 smokers, and 27 nonsmokers) aged 20-35 years. There were significant (p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-42
Number of pages14
JournalAnnals of Human Biology
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

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bone density
tissue distribution
Tissue Distribution
Bone Density
adipose tissue
Adipose Tissue
Smoking
osteoporosis
Osteoporosis
bones
Bone and Bones
dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry
Waist-Hip Ratio
waist
Photon Absorptiometry
girth
hips
adulthood
lifestyle
body mass index

Cite this

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Bone mineral density and adipose tissue distribution in Young women: Relationship to smoking status. / Daniel, M.; Martin, A. D.

In: Annals of Human Biology, Vol. 22, No. 1, 1995, p. 29-42.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

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AU - Martin, A. D.

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