The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is at a phase of economic development where skills play an increasingly important role in entering and moving up global value chains. However, as a consequence of improved living standards, coupled with ageing populations and other demographic changes, mass urbanisation, and rapid technological advances, the shortage of skilled workers becomes a potential bottleneck to deepening the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) established in 2015. There are 25.9 million skilled jobs in Cambodia, Indonesia, the Lao PDR, the Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam forecasted to remain unfilled in 2025. For most ASEAN countries, more than half the jobs requiring skilled workers will not find candidates with the appropriate skills. Skilled worker mobility across ASEAN is, therefore, an important solution to ease skill shortages, transfer knowledge across borders, and boost productivity. One crucial step for ASEAN in facilitating regional skill mobility is the Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA) initiative, which establishes common skill and qualification recognition systems in the region.