Borrelia burgdorferi Has Minimal Impact on the Lyme Disease Reservoir Host Peromyscus leucopus

Lisa Schwanz, Maarten Voordouw, D Brisson, R Ostfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The epidemiology of vector-borne zoonotic diseases is determined by encounter rates between vectors and hosts. Alterations to the behavior of reservoir hosts caused by the infectious agent have the potential to dramatically alter disease transmission and human risk. We examined the effect of Borrelia burgdorferi, the etiological agent of Lyme disease, on one of its most important reservoir hosts, the white-footed mouse, Peromyscus leucopus. We mimic natural infections in mice using the vector (Black-legged ticks, Ixodes scapularis) and examine the immunological and behavioral responses of mouse hosts. Despite producing antibodies against B. burgdorferi, infected mice did not have elevated white blood cells compared with uninfected mice. In addition, nfected and uninfected mice did not differ in their wheel-running activity. Our results suggest that infection with the spirochete B. burgdorferi has little impact on the field activity of white-footed mice. Lyme disease transmission appears to be uncomplicated by pathogen-altered behavior of this reservoir host.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-124
Number of pages8
JournalVector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

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Disease Reservoirs
Peromyscus
Borrelia burgdorferi
Lyme Disease
Ixodes
Spirochaetales Infections
Zoonoses
Running
Epidemiology
Leukocytes
Antibodies
Infection

Cite this

Schwanz, Lisa ; Voordouw, Maarten ; Brisson, D ; Ostfeld, R. / Borrelia burgdorferi Has Minimal Impact on the Lyme Disease Reservoir Host Peromyscus leucopus. In: Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases. 2011 ; Vol. 11. pp. 117-124.
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Borrelia burgdorferi Has Minimal Impact on the Lyme Disease Reservoir Host Peromyscus leucopus. / Schwanz, Lisa; Voordouw, Maarten; Brisson, D; Ostfeld, R.

In: Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, Vol. 11, 2011, p. 117-124.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Borrelia burgdorferi Has Minimal Impact on the Lyme Disease Reservoir Host Peromyscus leucopus

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AB - The epidemiology of vector-borne zoonotic diseases is determined by encounter rates between vectors and hosts. Alterations to the behavior of reservoir hosts caused by the infectious agent have the potential to dramatically alter disease transmission and human risk. We examined the effect of Borrelia burgdorferi, the etiological agent of Lyme disease, on one of its most important reservoir hosts, the white-footed mouse, Peromyscus leucopus. We mimic natural infections in mice using the vector (Black-legged ticks, Ixodes scapularis) and examine the immunological and behavioral responses of mouse hosts. Despite producing antibodies against B. burgdorferi, infected mice did not have elevated white blood cells compared with uninfected mice. In addition, nfected and uninfected mice did not differ in their wheel-running activity. Our results suggest that infection with the spirochete B. burgdorferi has little impact on the field activity of white-footed mice. Lyme disease transmission appears to be uncomplicated by pathogen-altered behavior of this reservoir host.

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