Broadscale phylogeographic structure of five freshwater fishes across the Australian Monsoonal Tropics

Joel Huey, Peter UNMACK, Jane Hughes

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    15 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The Australian Monsoonal Tropics (AMT) is a unique location for the study of phylogeography and intraspecific genetic variation in freshwater fish. We assessed the phylogeographic structure of 5 species from 2 genera across the region. The species included 3 neosilurids (Plotosidae, Neosilurus hyrtlii, Neosilurus ater, and Neosilurus pseudospinosus) and 2 members of the genus Oxyeleotris (Eleotridae, O. selheimi and O. lineolata). We used mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid (mtDNA) and phylogenetic analyses to explore the phylogeographic histories of these species. Overall, phylogeographic patterns were inconsistent. Some species were highly structured, and phylogeographic breaks were detected (e.g., N. hyrtlii, N. pseudospinosus, and O. selheimi), but other species showed no obvious divergences across the AMT (N. ater and O. lineolata). All species sampled in the Gulf of Carpentaria had shallow phylogenies, consistent with the expectation that historically, Lake Carpentaria would have provided connectivity through this region. All species also showed evidence of recent connectivity across drainage divides on the eastern and western coasts of the Cape York Peninsula. Some species in the Kimberley region were highly structured, consistent with expectation that these ancient and geologically stable catchments would promote divergence in allopatry. Conservation efforts should now be directed toward ensuring that the intraspecific biodiversity identified in our study and others are protected in the future.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)273-287
    Number of pages15
    JournalFreshwater Science
    Volume33
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

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    freshwater fish
    tropics
    Oxyeleotris
    fish
    Carpentaria
    allopatry
    phylogeny
    phylogeography
    biodiversity
    connectivity
    coasts
    lakes
    genetic variation
    history
    divergence
    DNA
    Neosilurus
    catchment
    drainage
    phylogenetics

    Cite this

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    abstract = "The Australian Monsoonal Tropics (AMT) is a unique location for the study of phylogeography and intraspecific genetic variation in freshwater fish. We assessed the phylogeographic structure of 5 species from 2 genera across the region. The species included 3 neosilurids (Plotosidae, Neosilurus hyrtlii, Neosilurus ater, and Neosilurus pseudospinosus) and 2 members of the genus Oxyeleotris (Eleotridae, O. selheimi and O. lineolata). We used mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid (mtDNA) and phylogenetic analyses to explore the phylogeographic histories of these species. Overall, phylogeographic patterns were inconsistent. Some species were highly structured, and phylogeographic breaks were detected (e.g., N. hyrtlii, N. pseudospinosus, and O. selheimi), but other species showed no obvious divergences across the AMT (N. ater and O. lineolata). All species sampled in the Gulf of Carpentaria had shallow phylogenies, consistent with the expectation that historically, Lake Carpentaria would have provided connectivity through this region. All species also showed evidence of recent connectivity across drainage divides on the eastern and western coasts of the Cape York Peninsula. Some species in the Kimberley region were highly structured, consistent with expectation that these ancient and geologically stable catchments would promote divergence in allopatry. Conservation efforts should now be directed toward ensuring that the intraspecific biodiversity identified in our study and others are protected in the future.",
    keywords = "Neosilurus hyrtlii, Neosilurus ater, Neosilurus pseudospinosus, Oxyeleotris selheimi, Oxyeleotris lineolata, comparative phylogeography.",
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    language = "English",
    volume = "33",
    pages = "273--287",
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    Broadscale phylogeographic structure of five freshwater fishes across the Australian Monsoonal Tropics. / Huey, Joel; UNMACK, Peter; Hughes, Jane.

    In: Freshwater Science, Vol. 33, No. 1, 2014, p. 273-287.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    T1 - Broadscale phylogeographic structure of five freshwater fishes across the Australian Monsoonal Tropics

    AU - Huey, Joel

    AU - UNMACK, Peter

    AU - Hughes, Jane

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    N2 - The Australian Monsoonal Tropics (AMT) is a unique location for the study of phylogeography and intraspecific genetic variation in freshwater fish. We assessed the phylogeographic structure of 5 species from 2 genera across the region. The species included 3 neosilurids (Plotosidae, Neosilurus hyrtlii, Neosilurus ater, and Neosilurus pseudospinosus) and 2 members of the genus Oxyeleotris (Eleotridae, O. selheimi and O. lineolata). We used mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid (mtDNA) and phylogenetic analyses to explore the phylogeographic histories of these species. Overall, phylogeographic patterns were inconsistent. Some species were highly structured, and phylogeographic breaks were detected (e.g., N. hyrtlii, N. pseudospinosus, and O. selheimi), but other species showed no obvious divergences across the AMT (N. ater and O. lineolata). All species sampled in the Gulf of Carpentaria had shallow phylogenies, consistent with the expectation that historically, Lake Carpentaria would have provided connectivity through this region. All species also showed evidence of recent connectivity across drainage divides on the eastern and western coasts of the Cape York Peninsula. Some species in the Kimberley region were highly structured, consistent with expectation that these ancient and geologically stable catchments would promote divergence in allopatry. Conservation efforts should now be directed toward ensuring that the intraspecific biodiversity identified in our study and others are protected in the future.

    AB - The Australian Monsoonal Tropics (AMT) is a unique location for the study of phylogeography and intraspecific genetic variation in freshwater fish. We assessed the phylogeographic structure of 5 species from 2 genera across the region. The species included 3 neosilurids (Plotosidae, Neosilurus hyrtlii, Neosilurus ater, and Neosilurus pseudospinosus) and 2 members of the genus Oxyeleotris (Eleotridae, O. selheimi and O. lineolata). We used mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid (mtDNA) and phylogenetic analyses to explore the phylogeographic histories of these species. Overall, phylogeographic patterns were inconsistent. Some species were highly structured, and phylogeographic breaks were detected (e.g., N. hyrtlii, N. pseudospinosus, and O. selheimi), but other species showed no obvious divergences across the AMT (N. ater and O. lineolata). All species sampled in the Gulf of Carpentaria had shallow phylogenies, consistent with the expectation that historically, Lake Carpentaria would have provided connectivity through this region. All species also showed evidence of recent connectivity across drainage divides on the eastern and western coasts of the Cape York Peninsula. Some species in the Kimberley region were highly structured, consistent with expectation that these ancient and geologically stable catchments would promote divergence in allopatry. Conservation efforts should now be directed toward ensuring that the intraspecific biodiversity identified in our study and others are protected in the future.

    KW - Neosilurus hyrtlii

    KW - Neosilurus ater

    KW - Neosilurus pseudospinosus

    KW - Oxyeleotris selheimi

    KW - Oxyeleotris lineolata

    KW - comparative phylogeography.

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    JF - Journal of the North American Benthological Society

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