Burden of obesity in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study

Ali H Mokdad, Yohannes KINFU, GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Obesity Collaborators

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    Abstract

    OBJECTIVES: We used the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study results to explore the burden of high body mass index (BMI) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). METHODS: We estimated the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children (2-19 years) and adults (≥20 years) in 1980 and 2015. The burden of disease related to high BMI was calculated using the GBD comparative risk assessment approach. RESULTS: The prevalence of obesity increased for adults from 15.1% (95% UI 13.4-16.9) in 1980 to 20.7% (95% UI 18.8-22.8) in 2015. It increased from 4.1% (95% UI 2.9-5.5) to 4.9% (95% UI 3.6-6.4) for the same period among children. In 2015, there were 417,115 deaths and 14,448,548 disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) attributable to high BMI in EMR, which constitute about 10 and 6.3% of total deaths and DALYs, respectively, for all ages. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to estimate trends in obesity burden for the EMR from 1980 to 2015. We call for EMR countries to invest more resources in prevention and health promotion efforts to reduce this burden.

    LanguageEnglish
    Pages165-176
    Number of pages12
    JournalInternational Journal of Public Health
    Volume63
    Issue numberSuppl. 1
    Early online date3 Aug 2017
    DOIs
    StatePublished - May 2018

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    Mediterranean Region
    Mediterranean region
    Obesity
    Disease
    Body Mass Index
    Quality-Adjusted Life Years
    disability
    death
    Pediatric Obesity
    Health Promotion
    health promotion
    risk assessment
    Global Burden of Disease
    trend
    resources

    Cite this

    Mokdad, Ali H ; KINFU, Yohannes ; GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Obesity Collaborators. / Burden of obesity in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study. In: International Journal of Public Health. 2018 ; Vol. 63, No. Suppl. 1. pp. 165-176
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    title = "Burden of obesity in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study",
    abstract = "OBJECTIVES: We used the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study results to explore the burden of high body mass index (BMI) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). METHODS: We estimated the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children (2-19 years) and adults (≥20 years) in 1980 and 2015. The burden of disease related to high BMI was calculated using the GBD comparative risk assessment approach. RESULTS: The prevalence of obesity increased for adults from 15.1{\%} (95{\%} UI 13.4-16.9) in 1980 to 20.7{\%} (95{\%} UI 18.8-22.8) in 2015. It increased from 4.1{\%} (95{\%} UI 2.9-5.5) to 4.9{\%} (95{\%} UI 3.6-6.4) for the same period among children. In 2015, there were 417,115 deaths and 14,448,548 disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) attributable to high BMI in EMR, which constitute about 10 and 6.3{\%} of total deaths and DALYs, respectively, for all ages. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to estimate trends in obesity burden for the EMR from 1980 to 2015. We call for EMR countries to invest more resources in prevention and health promotion efforts to reduce this burden.",
    keywords = "Obesity, Burden of disease, Eastern Mediterranean Region",
    author = "Mokdad, {Ali H} and Yohannes KINFU and {GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Obesity Collaborators}",
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    Mokdad, AH, KINFU, Y & GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Obesity Collaborators 2018, 'Burden of obesity in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study' International Journal of Public Health, vol. 63, no. Suppl. 1, pp. 165-176. DOI: 10.1007/s00038-017-1002-5

    Burden of obesity in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study. / Mokdad, Ali H; KINFU, Yohannes; GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Obesity Collaborators.

    In: International Journal of Public Health, Vol. 63, No. Suppl. 1, 05.2018, p. 165-176.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Burden of obesity in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study

    AU - Mokdad,Ali H

    AU - KINFU,Yohannes

    AU - GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Obesity Collaborators

    PY - 2018/5

    Y1 - 2018/5

    N2 - OBJECTIVES: We used the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study results to explore the burden of high body mass index (BMI) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). METHODS: We estimated the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children (2-19 years) and adults (≥20 years) in 1980 and 2015. The burden of disease related to high BMI was calculated using the GBD comparative risk assessment approach. RESULTS: The prevalence of obesity increased for adults from 15.1% (95% UI 13.4-16.9) in 1980 to 20.7% (95% UI 18.8-22.8) in 2015. It increased from 4.1% (95% UI 2.9-5.5) to 4.9% (95% UI 3.6-6.4) for the same period among children. In 2015, there were 417,115 deaths and 14,448,548 disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) attributable to high BMI in EMR, which constitute about 10 and 6.3% of total deaths and DALYs, respectively, for all ages. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to estimate trends in obesity burden for the EMR from 1980 to 2015. We call for EMR countries to invest more resources in prevention and health promotion efforts to reduce this burden.

    AB - OBJECTIVES: We used the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study results to explore the burden of high body mass index (BMI) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). METHODS: We estimated the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children (2-19 years) and adults (≥20 years) in 1980 and 2015. The burden of disease related to high BMI was calculated using the GBD comparative risk assessment approach. RESULTS: The prevalence of obesity increased for adults from 15.1% (95% UI 13.4-16.9) in 1980 to 20.7% (95% UI 18.8-22.8) in 2015. It increased from 4.1% (95% UI 2.9-5.5) to 4.9% (95% UI 3.6-6.4) for the same period among children. In 2015, there were 417,115 deaths and 14,448,548 disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) attributable to high BMI in EMR, which constitute about 10 and 6.3% of total deaths and DALYs, respectively, for all ages. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to estimate trends in obesity burden for the EMR from 1980 to 2015. We call for EMR countries to invest more resources in prevention and health promotion efforts to reduce this burden.

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    SN - 0303-8408

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    Mokdad AH, KINFU Y, GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Obesity Collaborators. Burden of obesity in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study. International Journal of Public Health. 2018 May;63(Suppl. 1):165-176. Available from, DOI: 10.1007/s00038-017-1002-5