Burden of obesity in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study

Ali H Mokdad, Yohannes KINFU, GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Obesity Collaborators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: We used the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study results to explore the burden of high body mass index (BMI) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). Methods: We estimated the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children (2–19 years) and adults (≥20 years) in 1980 and 2015. The burden of disease related to high BMI was calculated using the GBD comparative risk assessment approach. Results: The prevalence of obesity increased for adults from 15.1% (95% UI 13.4–16.9) in 1980 to 20.7% (95% UI 18.8–22.8) in 2015. It increased from 4.1% (95% UI 2.9–5.5) to 4.9% (95% UI 3.6–6.4) for the same period among children. In 2015, there were 417,115 deaths and 14,448,548 disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) attributable to high BMI in EMR, which constitute about 10 and 6.3% of total deaths and DALYs, respectively, for all ages. Conclusions: This is the first study to estimate trends in obesity burden for the EMR from 1980 to 2015. We call for EMR countries to invest more resources in prevention and health promotion efforts to reduce this burden.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-176
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Public Health
Volume63
Issue numberSuppl 1
Early online date3 Aug 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018

Fingerprint

Mediterranean Region
Mediterranean region
Obesity
Disease
Body Mass Index
Quality-Adjusted Life Years
disability
death
Pediatric Obesity
Health Promotion
health promotion
risk assessment
Global Burden of Disease
trend
resources

Cite this

Mokdad, Ali H ; KINFU, Yohannes ; GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Obesity Collaborators. / Burden of obesity in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study. In: International Journal of Public Health. 2018 ; Vol. 63, No. Suppl 1. pp. 165-176.
@article{5243d10107984bec8aef974a11ee09fe,
title = "Burden of obesity in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study",
abstract = "Objectives: We used the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study results to explore the burden of high body mass index (BMI) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). Methods: We estimated the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children (2–19 years) and adults (≥20 years) in 1980 and 2015. The burden of disease related to high BMI was calculated using the GBD comparative risk assessment approach. Results: The prevalence of obesity increased for adults from 15.1{\%} (95{\%} UI 13.4–16.9) in 1980 to 20.7{\%} (95{\%} UI 18.8–22.8) in 2015. It increased from 4.1{\%} (95{\%} UI 2.9–5.5) to 4.9{\%} (95{\%} UI 3.6–6.4) for the same period among children. In 2015, there were 417,115 deaths and 14,448,548 disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) attributable to high BMI in EMR, which constitute about 10 and 6.3{\%} of total deaths and DALYs, respectively, for all ages. Conclusions: This is the first study to estimate trends in obesity burden for the EMR from 1980 to 2015. We call for EMR countries to invest more resources in prevention and health promotion efforts to reduce this burden.",
keywords = "Obesity, Burden of disease, Eastern Mediterranean Region, Body Mass Index, Quality-Adjusted Life Years, Prevalence, Risk Assessment, Global Burden of Disease/statistics & numerical data, Humans, Middle Aged, Child, Preschool, Male, Obesity/economics, Young Adult, Mediterranean Region/epidemiology, Adolescent, Adult, Female, Aged, Child, Middle East/epidemiology",
author = "Mokdad, {Ali H} and Yohannes KINFU and {GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Obesity Collaborators}",
year = "2018",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s00038-017-1002-5",
language = "English",
volume = "63",
pages = "165--176",
journal = "Sozial- und Praventivmedizin",
issn = "0303-8408",
publisher = "Birkhauser Verlag Basel",
number = "Suppl 1",

}

Burden of obesity in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study. / Mokdad, Ali H; KINFU, Yohannes; GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Obesity Collaborators.

In: International Journal of Public Health, Vol. 63, No. Suppl 1, 01.05.2018, p. 165-176.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Burden of obesity in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study

AU - Mokdad, Ali H

AU - KINFU, Yohannes

AU - GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Obesity Collaborators

PY - 2018/5/1

Y1 - 2018/5/1

N2 - Objectives: We used the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study results to explore the burden of high body mass index (BMI) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). Methods: We estimated the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children (2–19 years) and adults (≥20 years) in 1980 and 2015. The burden of disease related to high BMI was calculated using the GBD comparative risk assessment approach. Results: The prevalence of obesity increased for adults from 15.1% (95% UI 13.4–16.9) in 1980 to 20.7% (95% UI 18.8–22.8) in 2015. It increased from 4.1% (95% UI 2.9–5.5) to 4.9% (95% UI 3.6–6.4) for the same period among children. In 2015, there were 417,115 deaths and 14,448,548 disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) attributable to high BMI in EMR, which constitute about 10 and 6.3% of total deaths and DALYs, respectively, for all ages. Conclusions: This is the first study to estimate trends in obesity burden for the EMR from 1980 to 2015. We call for EMR countries to invest more resources in prevention and health promotion efforts to reduce this burden.

AB - Objectives: We used the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study results to explore the burden of high body mass index (BMI) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). Methods: We estimated the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children (2–19 years) and adults (≥20 years) in 1980 and 2015. The burden of disease related to high BMI was calculated using the GBD comparative risk assessment approach. Results: The prevalence of obesity increased for adults from 15.1% (95% UI 13.4–16.9) in 1980 to 20.7% (95% UI 18.8–22.8) in 2015. It increased from 4.1% (95% UI 2.9–5.5) to 4.9% (95% UI 3.6–6.4) for the same period among children. In 2015, there were 417,115 deaths and 14,448,548 disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) attributable to high BMI in EMR, which constitute about 10 and 6.3% of total deaths and DALYs, respectively, for all ages. Conclusions: This is the first study to estimate trends in obesity burden for the EMR from 1980 to 2015. We call for EMR countries to invest more resources in prevention and health promotion efforts to reduce this burden.

KW - Obesity

KW - Burden of disease

KW - Eastern Mediterranean Region

KW - Body Mass Index

KW - Quality-Adjusted Life Years

KW - Prevalence

KW - Risk Assessment

KW - Global Burden of Disease/statistics & numerical data

KW - Humans

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Child, Preschool

KW - Male

KW - Obesity/economics

KW - Young Adult

KW - Mediterranean Region/epidemiology

KW - Adolescent

KW - Adult

KW - Female

KW - Aged

KW - Child

KW - Middle East/epidemiology

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85026843762&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-017-1002-5

UR - http://www.mendeley.com/research/burden-obesity-eastern-mediterranean-region-findings-global-burden-disease-2015-study

U2 - 10.1007/s00038-017-1002-5

DO - 10.1007/s00038-017-1002-5

M3 - Article

VL - 63

SP - 165

EP - 176

JO - Sozial- und Praventivmedizin

JF - Sozial- und Praventivmedizin

SN - 0303-8408

IS - Suppl 1

ER -