Can musculoskeletal screening test findings guide interventions for injury prevention and return from injury in field hockey?

Mark J. Stokes, Jeremy Witchalls, Gordon Waddington, Roger Adams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study is to identify if intrinsic factors tested in the preseason screening (PSS) can identify an elevated risk of injury. This aim has two aspects; to assess whether previous injury is associated with ongoing deficits in performance, and to assess if the PSS can identify differences in intrinsic factors that profile risk of future injury. Design: A cohort of state level field hockey players were tested on a screening test battery including proprioception, postural stability, muscular strength and range of motion, to establish if these intrinsic factors were useful in identifying elevated risk of injury. Retrospective injury data was collated to determine association with previous injury and prospective injury data was collated to determine association with future injury. Participants: A total of 130 field hockey players were included in this study, from state level squads (age ± SD = 20.96 (3.75); height = 176.09 cm). Groups for prescreening and post screening injury status (injured/not injured) were established for comparison to screening test results. Results: Right Active Movement Extent Discrimination Assessment (AMEDA), left AMEDA and right Y-balance test (YBT) anterior direction (Ant) were significantly associated (p < 0.05) with injury prior to screening. Right YBTAnt and right and left hip internal rotation (IR) were significantly associated (p < 0.05) with injury post screening. The YBTAnt and YBT posteromedial (PMed) reach directions and Hip IR are associated with previous hamstring injury and show a difference between post screening injured and non-injured groups. Conclusions: AMEDA, R YBTAnt, Hip IR tests should be a focus for recovery after previous injury and during season preparation. Full recovery may improve readiness to return to play and reduce risk of primary injury or re-injury. YBTAnt and YBTPmed and Hip IR show a performance deficit link between previous injury and subsequent re-injury of hamstrings. Since these are the most common re-injury types in this cohort, these tests are clinically useful in informing return to play decisions for hockey players.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-213
Number of pages10
JournalPhysical Therapy in Sport
Volume46
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020

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